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Effect of Nutrigenetics in Athletic Performance

Effect of Nutrigenetics in Athletic Performance-Clyto Access

Nutrigenomics, or in other words, nutritional genomics, is the branch of molecular genetics examining the effect of foods on our genes and how individual genetic endowment can effect the way we respond to nutrients in the foods we eat.

Published on 17 November 2015

Concerning Immunosuppression

Dr. Thomas Ryzlewicz Concerning Immunosuppression-Clyto Access

Organ Transplantation had developed to a regular therapy since more than 35 years. Tremendous success had reached. Looking the results over the decades, a clear improvement of the survival of the organs had reached in the first years following the individual transplantation. An essential part of this great success have the Immunosuppressive Drugs.

Published on 04 December 2015

Papillomavirus Induced Tumors in Animals

Breed predisposition is one of the most considered risk factor and it is currently known that some breeds appear to be at increased risk of developing some cancer types, suggesting genetics predisposition. This is the case of histiocytic sarcoma which mainly affect some dog breeds, e.g. Bernese mountain dog, Flat coated retrievers.

Published on 01 April 2016

Presenting the Journal of Oncological Studies

Oncology has reached its most current stage, which emphasizes precise and personalized treatments, in addition to accurate diagnosis and cancer prevention. As a result, clinicians and researchers are becoming increasingly specialized. Simultaneously, elucidation of information in each specialized field is exploding.

Published on 02 October 2016

Targeted Editing of Avian Herpesvirus Vaccine Vector using CRISPR/Cas9 Nuclease

Targeted Editing of Avian Herpesvirus Vaccine Vector using CRISPR/Cas9 Nuclease-Clyto Access

Herpesvirus of turkey (HVT) is an avian alphaherpesvirus used as live vaccine against Marek's disease for more than 40 years. Here, we describe the application of CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing as a rapid and efficient method of introducing targeted mutations to the genome of a live herpesvirus vaccine vector using a transfection-infection system.

Published on 15 November 2016

Application and Properties of Nanometer RDX in PBX

In the present work, nanometer RDX-based polymer bonded explosive (PBX) was prepared using a solution-water slurry technique. The obtained PBX is composed of 94.5 % of RDX, 3% of dinitrotoluene (DNT), 0.5% of stearic acid (SA) and 2% of polyvinyl acetate (PVAc).

Published on 14 December 2016

Patients beliefs about gastric banding

Patients beliefs about gastric banding -Clyto Access

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) surgery may be an option for tackling obesity in individuals who are unable to lose weight using behavioural methods alone. Beliefs about LAGB are likely to change as experience of living with a LAGB is gained.

Published on 23 December 2016

A Life Cycle Comparison of Different Organic Waste Management Options: The Role of the Energetic Mix

Dr. Francesco Di Maria

Life cycle assessment was used to evaluate different options for managing the organic fraction (OF) of municipal solid waste at source segregation (SS) intensities of 25% and 52%. Incineration was shown to be the best management option for processing the OF remaining in the residual waste.

Published on 02 January 2017

Specific Interactions between Bovine Serum Albumin and Monensin A: Molecular Description Through Theoretical Calculations

Specific Interactions between Bovine Serum Albumin and Monensin A: Molecular Description Through Theoretical Calculations-Clyto Access

The interaction between Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA), one of the standard proteins used to study the bioavailability of biological molecules in the bloodstream, and Monensin A (MONA), a commercial drug used in veterinary medicine, was studied by molecular docking and semi-empirical calculations.

Published on 06 January 2017

Percent Excess Weight Loss (%EWL) or Percent Excess Body Mass Index Loss (%EBMIL)? Determination of a Conversion Factor to Unify the Two Formulas

The reality today is the frequent application of the percent of excess weight loss (%EWL) formula requiring the use of the complex concept of ideal weight. Whereas, the percent of excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL) formula

Published on 30 January 2017

The Infrared Absorption of Protein Molecules with α- helix Conformation and its Properties

The Infrared Absorption of Protein Molecules with α- helix Conformation and its Properties-Clyto Access

In order to investigate the relationship of molecular structure of protein molecules with its functions, The experimental results show that there is a new band of 1650cm-1 close to the conventional amide-I band

Published on 03 March 2017

Wireless Point-Of-Care Health Monitoring Systems for Sleep Disorders

More than 40 million people in the United States have been suffering from chronic sleep disorders. More than 50 % of them remain undiagnosed and untreated, and it results in spending over $22 billion in unnecessary healthcare costs because of undiagnosed and untreated sleep disorders.

Published on 28 March 2017

Organic synthesis and chemical analysis

Chemical analysis is very important in many sciences. On reflection, we also realize that it constitutes a cornerstone in our lives and societies as well. This will not only be beneficial for scientists in many disciplines; it will also make it possible to manage the use of chemicals in industry.

Published on 27 March 2017

Countermeasures and Suggestions on Urban Wetland Conservation and Restoration in the Progress of Urbanization

Wetland constitutes an important part of the ecological system, while urban wetland is indispensable in ecological system protection. However, with urbanization speeding up, bottlenecks restricting urban wetland conservation are increased, the aggravating challenge in urban wetland conservation.

Published on 05 April 2017

Mycoplasmas in the Brains of Animals: An Overlooked Site of Infection

Mycoplasmas in the Brains of Animals: An Overlooked Site of Infection-Clyto Access

Recent experimental infections of sheep have shown histopathological changes caused by this mycoplasma in the CNS. The cattle pathogen, M. bovis, has been reported occasionally in the brains of calves and adult cattle showing a range of histopathological lesions including abscesses and fibrinous meningitis.

Published on 22 March 2017

Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity for Gas Separations

Dr. Li Pei

Today,membrane separation as a green technology is receiving increasing attention because of its intrinsic advantages such as energy saving, easy operation, small scale, high efficiency, etc.Membrane gas separation has been widely applied in different processes, such as O2/N2 separation, etc.

Published on 05 April 2017

Wastewater Management and Re-use from a Nitrogen Based Fertilizer Complex

Wastewater Management and Re-use from a Nitrogen Based Fertilizer Complex-Clyto Access

As a resource, water is often overlooked in Canada due to its plentiful availability and low cost. In the nitrogen fertilizer industry waster is used in many areas such as steam generation, product dilution and process stream cooling.

Published on 30 March 2017

'PHARMACOGNOSY': An Essential Element of Health Care Services

Pharmacognosy is an integrated branch of various subjects viz., Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Chemistry and Pharmacology. Pharmacognosy deals with the knowledge of natural resources used in the treatment of various diseases and also as dietary supplements, and it plays a critical role in the health care sector.

Published on 08 April 2017

Perspectives on methods development for oxidative stress biomarkers quantification

Oxidative stress is defined as an imbalance of antioxidants and oxidants in favour of the latter, potentially leading to damage and disruption of redox signalling and/or control of molecular damage (Jones, 2006; Sies, 2015).

Published on 08 April 2017

An Integrated Process for Producing Potassium Sulfate from Potash Mining Wastes

In light of growing world demand for potash, increasing production and competition, and the potential effect on increased waste production by potash refineries, a study was completed to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of producing potassium sulphate (K2SO4) from potash wastes.

Published on 04 April 2017

World Class Genomic Medical Center in India- Association with Division of Medical Genomics George Washington University Medical Center

The aim of Precision Meacine is the realization of medical innovation, including the selection and establishment of the best drugs and treatments for individuals according to prevention of disease in consideration of all kinds of information not only the precise medical information by next-generation sequencers, but also information regarding personal environments.

Published on 11 April 2017

Immunopathogenesis of Leishmaniasis: Some Challenging Aspects

The term leishmaniasis (or ‘leishmaniosis’)1 refers to a diverse group of syndromes caused by >20 different species of intracellular protozoan of the genus Leishmania, belonging to the Leishmania and Viannia subgenera1-3. The parasite infection is widely distributed across the tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions in 88 countries1,2.

Published on 10 April 2017

Photocatalysis in Darkness. Optimization of Sol-gel Synthesis of NP-TiO2 Supported on a Persistent Luminescence Material and its Application for the Removal of Ofloxacin from Water

Photocatalysis in Darkness. Optimization of Sol-gel Synthesis of NP-TiO2 Supported on a Persistent Luminescence Material and its Application for the Removal of Ofloxacin from Water-Clyto Access

In the present work, a new photocatalyst based on a new persistent luminescence phosphor, PeLM, and NPs-TiO2 was synthesized and the synthesis was optimized using a chemometric approach.

Published on 05 April 2017

Small Molecule Drugs Development: Where to Go?

Small Molecule Drugs Development: Where to Go?-Clyto Access

In recent years, the drug discovery success has been driven mainly by biologics, which currently represent a sizable portion of the top-selling drugs. The advantages including oral availability, relatively easy to make, scalability, and low cost make small molecule drugs still indispensable for human health and well-being.

Published on 14 April 2017

Origin of the Star Symbol

Monochromatic optical aberrations distort the quality of the image on the retina of the eye. The Point Spread Function (PSF) expresses how an eye perceives a point-like source. Ancient Egyptians depicted the shapes of night sky images, practically PSF. As a result the five-pointed stars emerged as an hieroglyph in Egyptian writing texts. The star symbol became popular in the world.

Published on 10 April 2017

Nanoparticles Control and Record (?) Earthquakes Propagation at Large Scales

Nanoparticles Control and Record (?) Earthquakes Propagation at Large Scales-Clyto Access

Frictional motion between sliding contact surfaces is critical to artificial and natural mechanical systems ranging from the nanoscale to the kilometres length scale of a seismogenic fault.

Published on 18 April 2017

Feasibility Study of Power Generation from Waste Water Treatment with Patchy Data

It is well known that the treatment of waste water produces biogas as a by-product that is harmful to the environment. The Kinoya waste water treatment plan has been flaring the biogas to eliminate the risk to the society.

Published on 14 April 2017

Investigation of the Genotoxicity of Some Nano-Metal Oxide Particles by the Fiber Optic Sos-type Biosensor

Investigation of the Genotoxicity of Some Nano-Metal Oxide Particles by the Fiber Optic Sos-type Biosensor-Clyto Access

In this article the main attention was given to the registration level of the genotoxicity of nano-oxide metals such as: AgO, ZnO, CuO, CdO, TiO2, and CeO2.

Published on 20 April 2017

Nanostructure and strength in collagen biomaterials

Dr. Richard Haverkamp

Collagen is the main component of many robust natural materials and some manufactured materials.

Published on 27 April 2017

Detection and Decontamination of Mycotoxins: Nanotechnology Approach

Dr. Alexei Nabok

Detection of toxins, either naturally produced (mycotoxins, microcytin) or human-made (pesticides, herbicides, alkylphenols), is currently one of the hottest topics in biomedical and environmental sciences.

Published on 27 April 2017

Heavy oil upgrading using a new nano catalyst at room temperature

Dr. Awad Mansour

In recent years, global demands of energy have increased due to industrial growth while the worldwide production of conventional crude oil has almost reached its peak. Recent statistics show that there is a decline in light oil production and the composition of produced oil is getting heavier.

Published on 27 April 2017

Core-shell nanoparticles for drug delivery: structural properties and kinetic of the drug release process

Dr. ImreDékány

Self-assembled 3D nanoscale system like multilayered core-shell nanoparticles were synthetized as carrier systems for controlled drug delivery. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (SiNPs d=400 nm) and bovine serum albumin (BSA, d=10nm ) were used for ibuprofen (IBU) -as drug molecule- encapsulation.

Published on 27 April 2017

Antimicrobial properties of ZnO nanostructures: nanoparticles and self-cleaning nanorod-covered surfaces

Dr. Zivile Luksiene

In recent years, a rapid development of nanotechnology opens up whole universe of new possibilities for biomedicine, industry and agriculture.

Published on 27 April 2017

Development of nanocomposite materials enabling to enhance stability and efficiency of hybrid solar cells

Dr. Heming Wang

Si-wafer-based solar cells (SWSGs) currently dominate the photovoltaic market with ~ 90% of the market share. Half of their cost comes from manufacturing of silicon wafers.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanostructured electrodes for ultrasensitive electrochemical impedance detection of pathogens

Dr. Abebaw Jemere

Nanotechnology has tremendous potential to enhance the performance of biosensors.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanosensor systems, Nanomedicine and mobile wireless electronics for monitoring and control of cardiovascular diseases and neurological disorders

Dr. Vijay K. Varadan

Nanotechnology has been broadly defined as the one for not only the creation of functional materials and devices as well as systems through control of matter at the scale of 1-100 nm, but also the exploitation of novel properties and phenomena at the same scale.

Published on 27 April 2017

Microfluidic platforms with application of nano technology for microbial wastewater treatment and power generation

Dr. Reza Sadr

Wastewater is an abundant source of organic matter, which can be transformed into biogas while at the same time treating the waste using microbial electrolysis cells (MECs).

Published on 27 April 2017

A nano botanical composition with maximum bioavailability for treatment of diabetes

Dr. Awad Mansour

The composition for treating diabetes, preferably formed of gel or cream, contains Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide), Galega Officinalis, Berberis Vulgaris or extract of them. In particular, the composition is applied on reflexological points of a human body to cause the release of insulin from the patient's pancreas and to enhance the treatment of diabetes.

Published on 27 April 2017

Novel metallic glass composites with optimum antimicrobial and wear performance

Dr. Sergio G Sanchez

In the European Union 8 to 12 % of the inhabitants risk of nosocomial infections. Hospital touch surfaces such as bed rails and handles can be a reservoir of pathogens that cause infections resulting not only in substantial economic losses but even in patient death.

Published on 27 April 2017

Ultrasound assisted preparation of Nanomaterials

Dr. Christos Argirusis

Sonication of liquids with ultrasounds leads to numerous chemical reactions of high energy.

Published on 27 April 2017

Fabrication and characterization of electrospun superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x nanowires and nanowire networks

Dr. Michael R. Koblischka

Superconducting nanowires and nanowire networks of the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x (Bi-2212) were fabricated by means of electrospinning. Granular nanowires of considerable lengths of up to 100 µm and diameters between 100 and 250 nm result

Published on 27 April 2017

Structural and morphological characterization of hybrid thin films with superhydrophobic and photoreactive dual properties

Dr. Laszlo Janovak

Superhydrophobic surfaces, with a liquid contact angle θ greater than 150°, have important practical applications.

Published on 27 April 2017

Theranostic gold nanoparticles for paediatric neurosurgical applications in medulloblastoma

Dr. Aaron Tan

Medulloblastoma is the most common and highest grade primary brain tumour in children.

Published on 27 April 2017

Towards High - resolution Retinal Prostheses with Direct Optical Addressing and Inductive Telemetry

Dr. Sohmyung Ha

Sohmyung Ha is an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at New York University Abu Dhabi.

Published on 27 April 2017

Biocompatible gold nanohybrid structures with tunable plasmonic and fluorescent features: syntheses, structural characterization, possible sensor and biolabelling applications

Dr. Edit Csapo

Gold/biomolecules hybrid nanostructures having characteristic plasmonic or highly photoluminescence features have become one of the most important types of nanomaterials that have been extensively investigated in many fields.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nano/micro porous bilayer dressings for use as a hemostatic agent

Ms. Zeynep Karahaliloglu

Uncontrolled hemorrhage is the most important cause of death in battlefield, emergency and hospital settings.

Published on 27 April 2017

The fabrication of novel nanochannels and their applications

Mr. Kai Xiao

Biological ion channels, which can regulate ionic transport properties through cell membranes mainly embodied in ionic rectification, are very important for the implementation of various significant physiological functions in life processes.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanoliposomal artemisinin for treatment of murine visceral leishmaniasis

Dr. Farhat Afrin

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a fatal, vector borne tropical disease caused by intracellular protozoa of the genus Leishmania. In the absence of vaccines, chemotherapy remains the main armament in control of VL, a neglected disease of poverty.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanomaterials for Photocatalytic, Microwave dielectric and Fuel cell Applications

Dr. Masood Ahmad

Homogeneous nano crystalline NiO-Ce0.9Ln0.1O2-d (Ln = La, Sm and Gd and Pr) composite anode and nano crystalline Ce0.9Gd0.1O2-d electrolyte material has been successfully synthesized by citrate precursor method.

Published on 27 April 2017

SUN project: An integrated approach for safer nanotechnology innovation

Dr. Danail Hristozov

Significant uncertainties around the environmental and health risks from manufactured nanomaterials (Title: MN) may result in stagnation of nanotechnology innovation.

Published on 27 April 2017

Synchrotron SAXS of collagen biomaterials for industrial applications

Dr. Katie Sizeland

The research advances basic knowledge by revealing the structural basis of materials properties, boosts understanding which improves industrial processes control, and then informs the development of improved new materials.

Published on 27 April 2017

The effect of polysulfide-conjugation on the stability and activity of lysozyme

Ms. Farah El Mohtadi

Enzyme replacement therapies (ERT) are used to treat lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) and are some of the most expensive treatments available today. Examples of LSDs include Gaucher’s disease (GD), Hunter’s disease and Fabry’s disease (FD).

Published on 27 April 2017

Study and characterization of thin films of Sno2: F

Ms. Kelthoum Khammar Study and characterization of thin films of Sno2: F-Clyto Access

The present work reports a further study; of an experimental deposition of thin films produced by spraying a solution of SnO2 / F from dechlorinate dimethyl tin and hydrofluoric acid.

Published on 27 April 2017

Positively Charged Lipid Bilayer as AFM Substrate

Ms Laila Balobaid

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a surface-probing technique that can image biomolecules at subnanometre resolution under near-physiological conditions, i.e., in aqueous solution.

Published on 27 April 2017

Programmed Assembly of DNA Block Copolymer Nanorods

Ms. Shayma Habboush

We report programmed assembly of DNA block copolymer nanoparticles into one dimensional nanorods that can be used as hardware for nano-electronic devices and biosensors.

Published on 27 April 2017

Augmented Alveolar Corticotomy and Accelerated Orthodontics: In-vivo Tissue Engineering

Dr. Donald J. Ferguson

Outpatient surgical injury of cortical alveolar bone combined with augmentation bone grafting is called Periodontally Accelerated Osteogenic Orthodontics (PAOO) and is most recognized for reducing active orthodontic treatment times 3X to 4X times (6 months instead of 2 to 3 years).

Published on 27 April 2017

The Regentime Procedure for Organ Regeneration, Transplantation of Mobilized Autologous Adult Bone Marrow Derived Human Progenitor Cells Incubated with Organ-Specific- Xeno-Ultra- Filtrates

Dr. Nassim Abi Chahine

Over a period of seven years, three hundreds patients with different chronic disorders were monitored after the treatment with autologous bone marrow derived stem cells.

Published on 27 April 2017

Creating organs using nature own scaffolding matrix and human stem cells

Dr. Suchitra S-Holgersson

Different pathological conditions such as congenital organ absence, severe organ injuries, end-stage organ failure and malignancy-related organ removal, have few effective therapeutic options apart from a whole organ transplant, that, however, often meets with a serious shortage of suitable donor organs.

Published on 27 April 2017

25 years in Isolation and Clinical Transplantation of Human Hepatocytes

Dr.Roberto Gramignoli

Hepatocyte transplantation (HTx) has been gaining acceptance for the treatment of liver diseases.

Published on 27 April 2017

Can Epigenetic Modifiers Advance the Stem Cell Differentiation

Dr. Ahmed Taher El-Serafy

Epigenetic modifiers are those chemical able to affect the epigenetic signature of the genome and consequently the gene expression.

Published on 27 April 2017

Regenerative Medicine and Cell Based Therapy: The Future of Organ Transplant

Dr. Pradeep Mahajan

Organ replacement is gradually becoming commonplace in modern medicine.

Published on 27 April 2017

The use of Adipose Derived Stem Cells in regenerative medicine and their revolutionary approach

Dr. Giuseppe Mucci

Importance of Stem Cells in developing new therapies and approaches for functional restoration of defective tissue is constantly increasing.

Published on 27 April 2017

Regenerative Medicine and its usage in modern hair transplant surgery

Dr. Sajjad Khan

Dr. Sajjad Khan is the Director of ILHT International and Diplomat American Board of Hair Restorative Surgery with a 20 years of experience in Hair Transplant.

Published on 27 April 2017

Twenty-six Years of Experience on Stem Cell Transplantation In Iran

Dr. Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh

From March 1991 to Oct., 21, 2016, a total of 5777 of hematopoietic stem cell transplantations (HSCTs) were performed in the Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center, affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Published on 27 April 2017

Strategies to increase the amount of living kidney donation. The first kidney paired donation and chain kidney paired donation in Poland - single centre experience

Rafal Kieszek

As compared with the results of kidney transplantation procured from deceased donors, kidneys harvested from living organ donor provide better graft outcome.

Published on 28 April 2017

Case report: Renal Cell Carcinoma of first Kidney Allograft in transplanted recipient for second time

Dr. Hind Hassan Al Nour Case report: Renal Cell Carcinoma of first Kidney Allograft in transplanted recipient for second time-Clyto Access

After kidney transplantation, the use of immunosuppression therapy for the preservation of kidney function increase the incidence of malignancies in transplant recipients compared with that of the general population.

Published on 28 April 2017

Joint-preserving regenerative therapy using controlled release of rhFGF-2 for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

Dr. Yutaka Kuroda

For many years, minimally invasive joint-preserving regenerative therapy has been desired for the early stages of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).

Published on 28 April 2017

Knowledge and attitudes towards organ donation among adults population in Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia

Saud Yaseen Bin Saleem

Organ transplantation is a life saving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure.

Published on 28 April 2017

Brain-stem death and Organ Transplantation in the Laws of UAE

Dr. Fawzi Benomran

The definition of death and the subject of Organ Transplantation have been addressed in Law No. 4 of 2016, and Law No. 5 of 3016. Law No. 4 of 2016 replaced a pre-existing Law, namely Law No. 10 of 2008.

Published on 28 April 2017

Stem cells: Journey towards clinical translation

Dr. Basan Gowda S Kurkalli

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a major stem cells source for cellular therapy, used in clinical applications for almost a decade.

Published on 28 April 2017

Pediatric kidney transplantation in UAE

Dr. Zubaida M N Alismaili

End Stage Renal Diseases kidney disease is a devastating condition that has a major impact on the patients, caregivers and the healthcare system.

Published on 28 April 2017

Hand-assisted laparoscopic donornephrectomy

Dr. Mirza M. Idu

Living donor kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment for end-stage renal disease.

Published on 28 April 2017

The Role of Active Tetrapeptide of Pregnancy Specific Glycoprotein in Including Immunotolerance of Skin Allograft in Mice

Dr. Ruslan Alikhanov

Pregnancy specific glycoproteins (PSGs) are synthesized by the placenta at the onset of pregnancy and are believed to play a role in maintaining a tolerogenic immune environment to prevent rejection of the fetus by the maternal immune system.

Published on 28 April 2017

Normothemic machine perfusion of liver grafts promotes the liver regeneration and inhibits tissue inflammation

Dr. Wayel Jassem

In liver transplantation ischaemia / reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with an inflammatory response, which has an impact on graft and patient outcome.

Published on 28 April 2017

Refractory anemia due to Parvovirus B19 infection in a renal transplant recipient

Dr. Dhanya Mohan

Post transplant anemia is a common occurrence in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs).

Published on 28 April 2017

The International Genetics & Translational Research in Transplantation Network (iGeneTRAiN)

Dr. Brendan Keating

To date over 650,000 solid-organ transplants have been conducted in the United States alone with estimates of approximately 4 million transplants performed worldwide.

Published on 28 April 2017

Excluded from Hope: The Tragic Story of a Young Man With “Very Short Bowel” Syndrome

Dr. Irene Christodoulou

Irene Christodoulou is a Consultant in General Surgery at G.PAPANIKOLAOU HOSPITAL, THESSALONIKI, GREECE, B' SURGICAL DEPARTMENT, Greece. She is the 1ST Prize winner for the Best Poster in the Panhellenic Congress of Laparoscopic Surgery, Ioannina, Greece.

Published on 28 April 2017

FOXP3+ regulatory T cell mediated microvascular recovery in the mouse model of airway allografts

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Khan

Microvascular loss may be a root cause of chronic rejection in lung transplants, which leads to the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Previous research implicates T regulatory cell (Tregs) as a key component of immune modulation.

Published on 28 April 2017

Correlation of Pretransplant Trough Tacrolimus Level with Early Acute Rejection in Live Donor Renal Transplantation

Dr Manish Tripathi

Acute Rejection is the key mediators of long term graft loss. So we aimed the present study to assess the correlation of baseline pre transplant trough tacrolimus level with early rejection.

Published on 28 April 2017

The Myth of Sub-clinical Rejection: where we are?

Prof. Basset El Essawy

The presence of lymphocytic infiltration in solid organ transplantation has been defined as acute cellular rejection when it is associated with graft dysfunction and subclinical rejection (SCAR) when the graft function is quiescent.

Published on 28 April 2017

Stomach Stem Cells: From Basic Biology to Tissue Engineering

Prashanth Saseedharan

The wall of the stomach body contains numerous tubular glands lined by a heterogeneous population of cells producing mucus, acid, pepsinogen and various hormones/peptides.

Published on 28 April 2017

Development of a chemically modified protein-based microbicides for prevention of HIV sexual transmission and treatment of HPV infection

Dr. Shibo Jiang

HIV transmission through sexual contact has accounted for more than 90% of the new HIV infection in China in recent years and development of effective and safe microbicides is urgently needed to prevent sexual transmission of HIV

Published on 05 May 2017

Broad HIV-1 inhibition in vitro by vaccine-elicited CD8+ T cells in African adults

Dr. Tomas Hanke

We are developing a pan-clade HIV-1 T-cell vaccine HIV consv, which could complement Env vaccines for prophylaxis and be key to HIV cure. Our strategy focuses vaccine-elicited effector T-cells on functionally and structurally conserved regions (not full-length proteins and not epitopes) of the HIV-1 proteome, which are common to most global variants and which, if mutated, cause a replicative fitness loss.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and risk factors of Chlamydia Infection in Hong Kong: A population-based, geospatial household survey

Dr. William C. W. Wong

Chlamydia causes infertility and increases the risk of HIV infection, and population-based studies provide essential information for effective infection control and prevention.

Published on 05 May 2017

HIV/AIDS: Oral lesions from a South Indian Cohort HIV/AIDS: Oral lesions from a South Indian Cohort

Dr. K. Ranganathan

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection /Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), earlier considered as a major health problem to cause fatal illness, is today considered to be a chronic manageable condition.

Published on 05 May 2017

Clinical profile and spectrum of enteric pathogens in pediatric HIV/AIDS cases with diarrhea from a tertiary care hospital

Dr. Arun Kumar Jha

Infection with enteric pathogens is a major cause of diarrhea in HIV positive children especially in developing countries.

Published on 05 May 2017

Personalizing the treatment of HIV/AIDS patients: A focus on Pharmacogenomics

Dr. Mirza R. Baig

Although AIDS is not generally considered a genetic disease, the considerable heterogeneity in the epidemic is at least partially determined by variants in genes that moderate virus replication and immunity.

Published on 05 May 2017

Awareness of HIV/AIDS among Female Students Attending College of Applied Medical Sciences at Taif University

Dr. Rana Zaini

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) that has no cure at present.

Published on 05 May 2017

Challenging for health service system to increase VCT uptake among KAPs in Thailand

Dr. Bang-on Thepthien

Key affected population (KAPs) is main target of Thai National AIDS Plan in the budget year of 2012-2016. Increasing VCT uptake among this group will lead to early diagnosis and treatment. In order to achieve the VCT coverage.

Published on 05 May 2017

Communal Living in African Cultural Context influencing the Care of Children Living with HIV and AIDS

Mr. Godwin Achema

The communal African way of life can influence the care of children within the cultural framework.

Published on 05 May 2017

Treatment of parasitic infection in HIV-1 co-infected patients decrease HIV plasma load

Dr. Hafiz Ahmad

It is recognized that HIV progression to AIDS is facilitated by a chronic immuneactivation characterized by accelerated depletion of CD4+T cells and increase of viral load.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and Risk Factor of HIV among Female Sex Worker in Chittagong, Bangladesh

Dr.Mohammad Borhan Uddin

Bangladesh maintained a low HIV prevalence for years less than 1 %.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported STIs among HIV-positive individuals aged 15-49 years in Rwanda

Dr. Justine Umutesi

Data shows a strong association between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with co-infection accelerating the progression of HIV and increasing the risk of HIV transmission.

Published on 05 May 2017

Surface Thermodynamics Appproch to the Interactions to the Interactions between Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Blood Cells Treated with Antiretroviral Drugs

Dr. Okwuchukwu Ani

The interaction processes in HIV-drug coated blood interactions were determined by using Hamaker coefficient approach as a thermodynamic tool.

Published on 05 May 2017

Surface Energetics Approach: Application to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis – Macrophage Interactions

Dr. Chukwuneke Jeremiah Lekwuwa

This research work presents the surface thermodynamics approach to M-TB/HIV-Human sputum interactions.

Published on 05 May 2017

One Stop Shop Model of Care for individuals and Families Living with HIV

Dr. Abeer Daoud Khayat

Human immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV) is increasingly recognized as an illness that affects the whole family, and not just the individual.

Published on 05 May 2017

Effect of stigma and discrimination toward access to HIV counseling and testing uptake among KAPs

Ms. Lubna Altaf Hussain

Key affected populations are vulnerable group due to social and institutional rejection and discrimination.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and factors associated with hepatitis B and C infection in persons living with HIV enrolled in care in Rwanda

Dr. Justine Umutesi

Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV).

Published on 05 May 2017

A Study on Knowledge and Awareness of Male Students of the College of Applied Medical Science at Taif University

Dr. Rana Ghazi Zaini

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was identified in 1981, among homosexuals in the United State of America, since that time more than 60 million individuals were living with this disorder.

Published on 05 May 2017

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among AIDS Patients in Saudi Arabia

Dr. Haytham

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an intracellular parasite mainly found in the central nervous system CNS, however, it can persist in multiple tissues in the body.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prospective cohort study of dental implant success rate in patients with AIDS

Mr. Michael Clay May

Oral health care of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a growing area of concern, taking into consideration the increased life expectancy of patients resulting from antiretroviral therapy.

Published on 05 May 2017

Upscaling SRHRR (SEXUAL REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH & REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS) Among Adolescents and Young People In Rural Zimbabwe

Mr. Mthandazo Khumalo

Since the global community is making progress towards 90 90 90 fast track targets by 2020, there is a challenge of ensuring that young people and adolescents receive SRHR quality knowledge and services.

Published on 05 May 2017

Nanomedicine: Research and Practice

Nanomedicine is generally defined as the medical applications of nanotechnology. Nanomedicine consists of five primary branches, including nanodiagnosis, nanopharmaceutics, implantable nanomaterials, implantable nanodevices, and nanosurgery. Before nanome

Published on 09 May 2017

How can we improve on treatment of cancer cachexia?

Dr. Thomas E. Adrian

Cachexia is a major complication of cancer and most patients are cachectic towards the end of life.

Published on 11 May 2017

Alpha-Methyl-L-tryptophan as a novel, dual-target, anticancer drug for multiple cancer types

Dr. Vadivel Ganapathy

-Methyl-L-tryptophan (-MLT) is currently used in tracer quantities in humans as a PET (positron emission tomography) probe in 11C-labeled form to study the status of serotonergic neurons in the brain. As it is a tryptophan derivative, it crosses the blood-brain barrier via the amino acid transporter LAT1 (SLC7A5) and is taken up into serotonergic neurons for subsequent conversion into -methyl serotonin.

Published on 11 May 2017

Immunotherapy of Advanced stage invariably Drugs Resistant Cancers

Dr. G. P. Talwar

Cancer is accounting for increasing number of deaths in all countries.

Published on 11 May 2017

A New Mechanism of Action for Drugs Used to Treat Multiple Sclerosis for Cancer

Dr. Azzam A. Maghazachi

Purpose/Objectives: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease, whereas cancer develops in immunodeficient individuals.

Published on 11 May 2017

Methylglyoxal: a unique molecule for cancer therapy

Dr. Manju Ray

Methylglyoxal (MG), a ketoaldehyde, has been known for anti-cancer and growth regulatory properties exclusively in malignant cells without affecting normal cells.

Published on 11 May 2017

A Computer-Aided Brain Tumor Detection Approach with Learning Vector Quantization (Lvq) Method

Mr. Berkan URAL

Brain tumor is one of the major problems in transience among children and adults.

Published on 11 May 2017

Intra-operative cell salvage use in ovarian cancer surgery

Dr. KhadraGalaal

Intraoperative cell salvage (IOCS) involves the separation, centrifugation, washing and reinfusion into the patient’s blood.

Published on 11 May 2017

Lived Experiences of "Illness Uncertainty" of Iranian Cancer Patients: A Phenomenological Hermeneutic Study

Dr. Moosa Sajjadi

For cancer patients, uncertainty is a pervasive experience and a major psychological stressor that affects many aspects of their lives.

Published on 11 May 2017

Advances in Radiation Oncology: Spot-Scanning Proton Arc (SPArc) Therapy

Dr. Peyman Kabolizadeh

Dr. Peyman Kabolizadeh carried out his Proton Therapy Fellowship, Harvard Medical School, Mass General Hospital, Boston, MA. Later he started working as an Assistant Professor, Radiation Oncologist, Beaumont Health, Royal Oak; MI. has many honors and awards. Presently he is working as Proton Fellowship Program Director.

Published on 11 May 2017

Huge Bilateral Mature Cystic Teratoma in Adolescence: A Case Report & Review of Literature

Dr. Sameer Ghazi Hamadeh

Mature cystic teratoma is a benign tumor of the ovary arising from germ cells. It can occur at any age but, commonly in patients between 20 and 40 years.

Published on 11 May 2017

Modulation of MUC-1 by vitamin D in pancreatic cancer

Dr. Sangeeta Choudhury

Over the years, pancreatic cancer has been established as a complicated disease with poor prognosis and survival rate.

Published on 11 May 2017

Multidisciplinary management of hepatoblastoma in children: Experience from a developing country

Dr. Vimal Kumar

Advances in chemotherapy, liver resection techniques and pediatric liver transplantation have vastly improved survival in children with hepatoblastoma (HB).

Published on 11 May 2017

Moringa Oleifera L and its anticancer fractions

Dr. Praveen T.K.

The n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol extracts of the M. oleifera leaves and 15 fractions (F1 to F15) of ethyl acetate extract were evaluated for their in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity using Hep-2 cell lines and Dalton’s lymphoma as cites model in mice, respectively.

Published on 11 May 2017

Synthesis of some novel 1,3,4-Thiadiazole derivatives as possible anticancer agents

Dr. B. Gowramma

The objective of the study was to synthesize series of 2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-N'-[5-substituted phenyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl]acetohydrazide and evaluated for their possible in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity against DLA cell line.

Published on 11 May 2017

Anticancer and apoptotic effect of compounds from medicinal Plants on lung cancer cells

Dr. Biba Vikas

Natural products represent rich and largely untapped reservoirs of structural and chemical diversity for the discovery of drugs with potent applications in the treatment of diseases.

Published on 11 May 2017

Clinic Pathological Profile of Hepatoblastoma: an Experience from a Tertiary Care Centre in India

Primary hepatic malignancies account for 0.5-2% of all solid tumours in childhood. Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary hepatic malignancy in the pediatric age group.

Published on 11 May 2017

Cervical cancer screening- new insights

Dr. K. Sujathan

Despite drastic decrease in the incidence of cervical cancer in countries that have adopted Pap smear screening programme, it is still one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in women with 529,800 new cases worldwide annually.

Published on 11 May 2017

Characterizing a biomarker of pan-cancer importance for use in biofluid diagnostics

Dr. Laura Elnitski

Cancer diagnostics is moving into an area of noninvasive screening and rapid detection through the emerging technologies of blood-based assays and DNA sequencing.

Published on 11 May 2017

Anti-angiogenesis effect of Moringa oleifera L.in Chick Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) Angiogenesis Assays

Mr. Pachava Vengal Rao

The aetiology of cancer involves a multitude of biochemical and path physiological abnormalities, caused as a result of various genetic and environmental factors making it challenging to bring out an effective therapy. Amongst these, angiogenesis portrays a crucial role in the survival and subsequent metastases of tumors, eventually making it a target for anti-cancer drug discovery.

Published on 11 May 2017

Postmastectomy pain syndrome and procedural techniques in the treatment of mastectomy related pain

Dr. Seyed-Masoud Hashemi

Postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a type of chronic neuropathic pain disturbance that can occur sunsequent breast cancer procedures, solely those operations that remove tissue in the upper outer quadrant of the breast and/or axilla, in the absence of an infection or recurrence.

Published on 11 May 2017

Evaluation of Spiritual Needs of Newly Diagnosed Patients with Advanced Breast Cancer at Mansoura University, Egypt

Prof. Dr. Karima Elshamy

Despite the evidence supporting spiritual care in nursing and an increased quality of life among patients, patients feel that their spiritual needs are not being supported by medical professionals.

Published on 11 May 2017

Epimutations in Cancer

Dr. Nezami

In most cases, cancer develops as a result of non-inheritable somatic mutations (epimutations), acquired by the individual adult cell, during the evolution of the cell, and propagated into an expanding clone of progeny of the cells by natural selection.

Published on 11 May 2017

Intensive oral care in cancer treatment; the neglected part

Dr. Arghavan Tonkaboni

Cancer and malignancies are one of the worldwide problems which can induced oral complications due to cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.

Published on 11 May 2017

Design of a Novel Protein to Protect Telomere against Terf2: A Tremendous Appproch towards Cancer Therapy

Mr. M.I. Haseemdeen

The telomere is a repeated nucleotide sequence, namely TTAGGG, found at the end of a chromosome which manipulates cell growth and stability.

Published on 11 May 2017

Retinoblastoma - pattern, presentation and management – a quintessential experience of 5 years

Dr. Anvesh Karthik Yalavarthy

Retinoblastoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood.

Published on 11 May 2017

Relationship between oncology nurses'39; spiritual wellbeing, religiosity and their attitudes towards spiritual care providing based on Neumann’s Systems Model

Mr. Khorami Markani A

Attention to spiritual care causes improvement in the cancer patients’ physical, psychological and social dimensions.

Published on 11 May 2017

Understanding the dynamics of tumor microenvironment using humanized zebrafish tumor xenograft systems

Dr. Vinoth Sittaramane

Present day cancer incidence and mortality rates indicate the need for effective cancer diagnostic tools and targeted cancer therapeutic strategies.

Published on 11 May 2017

Recent advances in the management of hepatoblastomas

Juluis Scott

Hepatoblastomas (HB) constitutes 1% of childhood cancers, usually occurs in children aged between 6 months and 3 years, but cases in neonates and adolescents have been reported rarely.

Published on 11 May 2017

The clinic pathological features, results and outcome of Askin tumor with assessment of early and late postoperative complications following resection and chest wall reconstruction

Dr. Bahaa E. A. Mahmoud

Askin tumor is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the Ewing sarcoma family arising from soft tissues of the chest wall.

Published on 11 May 2017

Accurate reporting of chest radiographs by radiologists to detect lung cancer - A clinical Audit

Mr. Mahwish Karim

Chest radiography is a valuable tool for diagnosing lung cancer. Plain chest radiograph is a noninvasive technique which delivers low radiation dose and is widely available.

Published on 11 May 2017

KLF9-TXNRD2 AXIS in Regulation of Oxidative and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stresses

Ms. Sudha Moparthy

Ms. Sudha Moparthy carried her M.S in Biographychemistry and Environmental, Safety & Occupational Health Management. Later she started working as a Research Associate in Internal Medicine- Pulmonary & Critical Care at University of Michigan. Presently she is working as a Research Associate in Department of Cell Stress Biographylogy at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, New York.

Published on 11 May 2017

Perception of Prophylactic Mastectomy among Breast Cancer Patients and Their Relatives, Saudi Arabia

Ms. Doaa Alayed

Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women worldwide with the second highest mortality rates among all cancers.

Published on 11 May 2017

ABSCESS to ALKS

Dr. Nandhini

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare large cell, malignant non Hodgkin lymphoma, accounts for 10-15% of pediatric NHL, characterized by expansion of pleomorphic large lymphoid cells, expressing the CD30 antigen.

Published on 11 May 2017

Role of GSTM1 & GSTT1 gene polymorphism in susceptibility to acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Ms. Naveena Shri S

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) characterized by proliferation of immature B or T cells in bone marrow, Lymphnodes, spleen & blood remains the leading cause of cancer related death in children. Many polymorphisms in the genes coding for xenoBiographytic metabolizing enzymes (XME) has been identified and studies have reported significant association with the gene variation and enzyme activity.

Published on 11 May 2017

Primary B cell CNS lymphoma in animmunocompetent adolescent boy

Dr. B. Hemaswetha Primary B cell CNS lymphoma in animmunocompetent adolescent boy-Clyto Access

Primary central nervous system non-hodgkinlymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare malignant tumor limited to the cranio-spinal axis, accounting for fewer than 5% of all cases of primary intracranial neoplasms.

Published on 11 May 2017

The Quality Evolution: The Convergence of Public Health, Population Health, and Precision Medicine

Public health — "what we as a society do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy.”[1]Population health — "an approach [that] focuses on interrelated conditions and factors that influence the health of populations over the life course."[2]”

Published on 10 May 2017

Fucosylated Solid lipid nanoparticle of proteasome inhibitor for the treatment of temozolomide resistant Glioblastoma multiform

Mr. Pavan Kumar C.

Mr. Pavan Kumar Chintamaneni obtained his Bachelors degree & Masters degree form Andhra University, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Later heworked as a assistant professor in Aditya Pharmacy College, suramplaem. Presently he is working as a research scholar in JSS College of pharmacy, Ooty, India.

Published on 11 May 2017

Nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibition protects against chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy in mice and potentiates its apoptotic activity in colorectal adenocarcinoma

Mr. P.S.S Saikiran

Oxaliplatin (OXA) is a third-generation platinum based anticancer agent. OXA is widely used in treatment of advanced colorectal cancer.

Published on 11 May 2017

Effect of Triterpene Fraction of Cucumistrigonus on Apoptosis, Cell Cycle Arrest and Cell Proliferation in Cancer Cells

Ms.Sandhya Chipurupalli

Taxol based combination chemotherapy remains the predominant treatment for cancer.

Published on 11 May 2017

Selective killing of cancer cells by fruit extract of Cucumistrigonus: Components and its in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo studies

Ms. Santilna

The present study was carried out to determine the antitumor activity of Cucumistrigonus fruits extracts against cancer cell lines namely Heal, HEp-2, A-549, MCF-7, MDA-MB 231, HT-29 and C-6 and two normal (L-929, Vero) cell lines.

Published on 11 May 2017

Microcystins Threat Human Health

Microcystins (MCs) pose great threat to human health, which are a group of cyclic hepatotoxic peptides produced by freshwater cyanobacteria etc.[1]. MCs can damage the liver, colorectal, brain, small intestines, lungs and kidney [2]. This paper elucidated the effects and some toxic mechanisms of MCs on human health.

Published on 10 May 2017

Evaluation of anticancer and antioxidant potentials of Cyperusrotandus Linn

Mr. Vedpal

The global burden of cancer has been increasing day to day, the increasing rate of mortality associated with the existing conventional cancer therapyist he driving factor forth discovery of the new anticancer agents derived from plants is currently under investigation.

Published on 12 May 2017

Pediatric inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of larynx: two case reports varying clinical presentation

Dr.Jaichandrika

Inflammatory myo-fibroblastic tumor (IMFT) is a rare tumor of intermediate malignant potential.

Published on 12 May 2017

Radiation-Induced Angiosarcoma after Recurrent Epithelioid Sarcoma

Mr. Christopher Holbrook

We add to the literature a case report of a 44-year-old man with a history of recurrent lower extremity epitheloid sarcoma that was treated with surgical resections and radiation, with subsequent development of angiosarcoma in the ipsilateral extremity.

Published on 12 May 2017

Conjugates of PAMAM dendrimers with doxorubicin and vector protein decrease survival of cancer cells demonstrating resistance to traditional anticancer agents in vitro

Ms.Selivanova Elena

Development of new systems for selective transport оf anticancer agents in tumor cells on the base of dendritic polymers (dendrimers) is appeared to be one of the most effective approaches to overcome cancer chemo resistance associated with the existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) and multidrug resistance (MDR).

Published on 12 May 2017

How Outreach Iearning at Authentic Waste Management Environments Interacts with Cognitive Knowledge Dimensions

Worldwide, approximately 3.5 million tons of waste are produced daily, and just about half of this amount is committed to recycling or reuse. As individuals too often are still unaware about their waste contribution, this remains an important issue in formal and informal education.

Published on 06 April 2017

Precision Medicine: Blending Genes with Medicine

Precision Medicine: Blending Genes with Medicine-Clyto Access

A visionary approach to predict, prevent and treat various diseases were unveiled by many world leaders. The main aim of precision medicine is to ensure that each patients should receive right treatment, at right time and of right dose with marginal side effects and with highest effectiveness.

Published on 15 May 2017

Application of Infrared Probe Technique to Structural Analysis of Amyloid Fibril

Amyloid formation is an abnormal protein aggregation process, through which the aggregated proteins form a unique type of fibrillar aggregates termed as amyloid fibril [1]. The basic structural unit of amyloid fibril is composed of two interdigitated beta sheets.

Published on 19 May 2017

Model for Quantitative Estimation of Partition Coefficient of NAD+ and NADH in Nafion Membranes

Quantification of partition coefficient for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and NADH in Nafion membranes, of protonated and deprotonated types, reveal an order of magnitude increase of NAD+ partition coefficient.

Published on 19 May 2017

Energy Generation from Urban Organic Waste by Anaerobic Digestion Method

In order to perform the evaluation of biogas production using one-step anaerobic digestion at pilot-scale was established using three different treatments that were defined as organic waste without cow manure (OWWM), cow manure without organic waste (MWM) & a mixture of cow manure-organic waste (OWAM).

Published on 18 May 2017

Capillary Zone Electrophoresis-electrospray Ionization-mass Spectrometry is Ready for Large-scale Proteomics

Capillary Zone Electrophoresis-electrospray Ionization-mass Spectrometry is Ready for Large-scale Proteomics-Clyto Access

Capillary zone electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (CZE-ESI-MS/MS) has re-attracted great attentions for large-scale proteomics. The state-of-the-art CZE-MS/MS can routinely approach micro-liter scale loading capacity,

Published on 25 May 2017

Coastal Marine Activities and Coral Cover at Three Tropical Coral Reefs Around an Aceanic Island, Mauritius

Coastal Marine Activities and Coral Cover at Three Tropical Coral Reefs Around an Aceanic Island, Mauritius-Clyto Access

A study on marine resources (mainly coral reefs) at three selected coastal sites namely Belle Mare (BM), Flic-en- Flac (FEF) and Grand Baie (GB) around Mauritius Island (using mapping and verification survey tools). A fascinating piece of work which presents valuable insights for sustainable coastal development.

Published on 31 May 2017

Vaccination with Recombinant Streptococcus Uberis Adhesion Molecule Alters Immune Response to Experimental Challenge

Streptococcus uberis Adhesion Molecule (SUAM) enables S. uberis infection of the bovine mammary gland. Our objective was to evaluate responses to experimental intramammary challenge with S. uberis in Holstein cows following vaccination with recombinant(r) SUAM.

Published on 15 May 2017

A Systematic Review Study on Common Determinants of Smoking Among Pacific Countries

A Systematic Review Study on Common Determinants of Smoking Among Pacific Countries-Clyto Access

The high prevalence of smoking and its adverse health consequences are known as one of the main public health issues worldwide. Smoking is currently responsible for the deaths of one in ten adults, worldwide. The current and increasing trend of smoking in Pacific countries beats the bell to health planners to prevent smoking through recognizing its determinants.

Published on 16 June 2017

Antimicrobials in food and the role of Bacteriocins

At present, the food business is compelled to tackle different challenges with relation to food safety, consumers’ demands, and new regulatory norms on the international level.

Published on 26 June 2017

Metabolic Alterations in Mexican Young Adults: Sensitivity and Specificity Approaches between Anthropometric Parameters and Biochemical Markers

Previous studies have shown important prevalence for low-HDL, hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance in young adults between 17 to 25 years old, including normal BMI subjects.

Published on 21 June 2017

Chester Smiles: A Collaborative Public Health Initiative to Improve Dental Care in an Underserved Community

Chester Smiles: A Collaborative Public Health Initiative to Improve Dental Care in an Underserved Community -Clyto Access

This community-based, one-year follow-up study analyzes Chester Smiles, a health plan-supported dental initiative aiming to improve access and quality of dental care in an underserved community. The program leverages relationships with regional public health stakeholders and supports mobile dental care delivery in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA.

Published on 26 June 2017

Acquisition of Complete Information in the Analysis of Protein-Protein Interactions

Proteins and their intricate network of interactions are the mainstay of any cellular process. Historically, yeast two-hybrid, bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer greatly contributed to our understanding of biomolecule interactions in early days.

Published on 10 July 2017

Are You Still Watching | Correlations between Binge TV Watching, Diet and Physical Activity

Are You Still Watching | Correlations between Binge TV Watching, Diet and Physical Activity-Clyto Access

Sedentary behavior can increase risk of chronic disease. Online streaming of television (TV) has increased in popularity, yet may increase a sedentary lifestyle among young adults. This study investigated self-reported demographic characteristics and obesogenic behaviors among college students who reported binge watching TV and those who did not.

Published on 14 July 2017

Biofilm Formation Ability and Genotypic Analysis of Streptococcus Uberis Isolated from Bovine Mastitis

Biofilm Formation Ability and Genotypic Analysis of Streptococcus Uberis Isolated from Bovine Mastitis-Clyto Access

Bovine mastitis is an important problematic in the dairy industry all over the world.Streptococcus uberis is a prevalent environmental pathogen implicated in bovine mastitis able to produce biofilm. The aim of this study was assay 28 S. uberis collected from cows with mastitis in Argentina in respect to their biofilm formation ability.

Published on 03 July 2017

As 3 Global Commons Converge a New Paradigm Emergesin Space-Based Maritime Situational Awareness

Mr. Geo. Guy Thomas

In the 21st century it is widely recognized that there are four global commons where all nations of the world meet and interact, thus all nations have a stake in seeing that there is order in them.

Published on 17 July 2017

Introduction to innovations in Marine Science for Corals, Fisheries and Coastal Restoration improving resiliency & productive capacity.

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein

Since, 1996 Laboratories at the World Aquarium in St.Louis, Missouri USA have looked at various aspects of coral biology and ecology with focus on establishing knowledge of essential micronutrients for the health of the corals.

Published on 17 July 2017

Linking the Land to the Sea Relationships: Building agricultural productive capacity, reducing pollution and restoring crucial nutrients for ecosystem recovery

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein

Historically we have understood the water cycle as the process of rain falling to the land and with water coalescing to streams and rivers and running back to the ocean with evapo- transpiration occurring all the time, but mostly at the ocean level with the water returning to the sky to begin the process all over.

Published on 18 July 2017

Emerging Technologies For Marine Species Research And Conservation

Dr. Stephen G. Dunbar

Emerging technologies in various fields of marine research are increasing and improving the ability for data collection and analysis at both local and global scales. In the area of marine turtle research and conservation, new innovations based on current and developing information technologies.

Published on 18 July 2017

Marine Pharmaceutical Research in Mauritius: New perspective for anticancer therapeutics.

Dr.Theeshan Bahorun

The marine biome has recently emerged as an untapped reservoir for the bio-prospection of structurally unique and pharmacologically active natural products. In this vein, ongoing studies aim to explore the prophylactic potentials of selected Mauritian marine floras and faunas that can spawn potential avenues in the global hunt for novel anti-carcinogenic chemotherapeutics.

Published on 18 July 2017

Marine Algae Extract Promise Future Health Benefits Ingredients: An Untapped Resource for Biomedical Application

Dr.Sreenivasan Sasidharan

There is currently an enormous surge of interest in the use of marine algae for biomedical application. The current research was conducted to evaluate the biomedical application of marine algae Gracilaria changii. Screening of the G. changii extract for antimicrobial activity showed that the extracts possesses significant antimicrobial activity.

Published on 18 July 2017

Field observations of impacts of local stressors on the thermally-robust coral Porites

Dr. Ranjeet Bhagooli

The massive coral Porites spp. has been reported to be thermally tolerant to bleaching linked to climate changedriven ocean warming. However, impacts of local stressors on Porites spp. are yet to be thoroughly understood.

Published on 18 July 2017

Evaluation of DNA Damage Induced by heavy metal in the lobster Panulirus homarus Through Comet Assay

Dr. S. L. Sasikala

Toxicity of heavy metals is discussed in detail. We are exposed to Aluminium through various sources such as drinking water, food and pharmaceutical products – medicines, antacids, vaccines, dialysis treatments etc. Aluminium toxicity causes chronic renal failure, neurofibrillary degeneration, damage of cholinergic system.

Published on 18 July 2017

Behavioral experiments on post-larval fishes in the north-eastern Corsican coast (Mediterranean Sea)

Ms. Amélie ROSSI

Demersal fish represent a very important part of coastal marine biodiversity.

Published on 18 July 2017

HIV/AIDS and the Global Pandemic: 30 Years Later!

HIV/AIDS and the Global Pandemic: 30 Years Later!-Clyto Access

In 1984, research groups led by Dr. Gallo, Dr. Luc Mon-tagnier at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and Dr. Jay Levy at the University of California, San Francisco, all identified a retrovirus as the cause of AIDS. Each group called the virus by a different name: HTLV-III, LAV, and ARV, respectively (The AIDS Institute, 2017).

Published on 05 July 2017

Behavioral experiments on post-larval fishes in the north-eastern Corsican coast (Mediterranean Sea)

Ms. Amélie ROSSI

Demersal fish represent a very important part of coastal marine biodiversity. Their life cycle is generally defined in two major phases: a pelagic larval phase and a benthic adult phase. Once the adult stage is reached, individuals are generally sedentary and strongly dependent on the benthic compartment (food search, habitat ...).

Published on 28 July 2017

Human influences on Luhuitou fringing reef: spatial and temporal evidences from isotopic values

Ms. Di Cao

Coral reefs have suffered remarkable declines worldwide. Nutrient over-enrichment is considered to be a main local cause. The Luhuitou fringing reef is a famous tourist destination and is undergoing enormous coastal renovation.

Published on 28 July 2017

Salinity effects on growth properties of hybrid grouper, TG×GG (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus x E. lanceolattus)

Ms. Noorashikin binti Md. Noor

The success in hybridization between tiger grouper and giant grouper (TG×GG) has been the hope for grouper aquaculture industry since hybrid is commonly accepted to have acquired hybrid vigors such as excellent growth performance, high resistance to disease and can tolerate wide range of salinities.

Published on 28 July 2017

Inferring spatial variation in primary productivity using Chlorophyll a satellite data around Mauritius Island

Mr. Soondur Mouneshwar

Satellite data is being increasingly used due to limited accessibility to remote sites and cost of the frequency of sampling. This study used AquaMODIS chlorophyll a data to infer primary productivity variation around Mauritius Island located in the Western Indian Ocean.

Published on 28 July 2017

Isolation of halichrome A from a Metagenomic Library Derived from the Marine Sponge Halichondria okadai

Mr. Takahiro Abe

In the ocean, many structurally unique compounds that have significant biological activities have been isolated from various marine invertebrates. Especially, sponges, belonging to the porifera, are also isolated many natural products.

Published on 28 July 2017

Field observations of impacts of local stressors on the thermally-robust coral Porites

Dr. Ranjeet Bhagooli

The massive coral Porites spp. has been reported to be thermally tolerant to bleaching linked to climate changedriven ocean warming. However, impacts of local stressors on Porites spp. are yet to be thoroughly understood. This study aimed at comparing the status of Porites spp. at two sites: Albion (AL) and Flic-en-Flac (FEF) around Mauritius Island. Environmental conditions were characterized using underwater temperature and light data loggers, and quantifying nitrate and phosphate levels in October 2012.

Published on 28 July 2017

Evaluation of DNA Damage Induced by heavy metal in the lobster Panulirus homarus Through Comet Assay

Dr. S. L. Sasikala

Toxicity of heavy metals is discussed in detail. We are exposed to Aluminium through various sources such as drinking water, food and pharmaceutical products – medicines, antacids, vaccines, dialysis treatments etc. Aluminium toxicity causes chronic renal failure, neurofibrillary degeneration, damage of cholinergic system.

Published on 28 July 2017

Marine Algae Extract Promise Future Health Benefits Ingredients: An Untapped Resource for Biomedical Application

Dr.Sreenivasan Sasidharan

There is currently an enormous surge of interest in the use of marine algae for biomedical application. The current research was conducted to evaluate the biomedical application of marine algae Gracilaria changii. Screening of the G. changii extract for antimicrobial activity showed that the extracts possesses significant antimicrobial activity.

Published on 28 July 2017

Marine Pharmaceutical Research in Mauritius: New perspective for anticancer therapeutics. Bio :

Dr.Theeshan Bahorun

The marine biome has recently emerged as an untapped reservoir for the bio-prospection of structurally unique and pharmacologically active natural products. In this vein, ongoing studies aim to explore the prophylactic potentials of selected Mauritian marine floras and faunas that can spawn potential avenues in the global hunt for novel anti-carcinogenic chemotherapeutics.

Published on 28 July 2017

As 3 Global Commons Converge a New Paradigm Emergesin Space-Based Maritime Situational Awareness

Mr. Geo. Guy Thomas

In the 21st century it is widely recognized that there are four global commons where all nations of the world meet and interact, thus all nations have a stake in seeing that there is order in them. Those four commons, in chronological order of creation, are: Maritime, Air, Space, and Cyber.

Published on 28 July 2017

Linking the Land to the Sea Relationships: Building agricultural productive capacity, reducing pollution and restoring crucial nutrients for ecosystem recovery

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein

Historically we have understood the water cycle as the process of rain falling to the land and with water coalescing to streams and rivers and running back to the ocean with evapo- transpiration occurring all the time, but mostly at the ocean level with the water returning to the sky to begin the process all over.

Published on 28 July 2017

Introduction to innovations in Marine Science for Corals, Fisheries and Coastal Restoration improving resiliency & productive capacity.

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein

Since, 1996 Laboratories at the World Aquarium in St.Louis, Missouri USA have looked at various aspects of coral biology and ecology with focus on establishing knowledge of essential micronutrients for the health of the corals. Over time, with numerous field studies, a number of characteristics are being borne out showing intrinsic nature of marine species to survive by increasing breeding for more and more resiliency for the next generation.

Published on 28 July 2017

Emerging Technologies For Marine Species Research And Conservation Bio :

Dr. Stephen G. Dunbar

Emerging technologies in various fields of marine research are increasing and improving the ability for data collection and analysis at both local and global scales. In the area of marine turtle research and conservation, new innovations based on current and developing information technologies are rapidly expanding opportunities to collect and analyze datafaster and over larger scales than ever before. ProTECTOR, Inc.

Published on 28 July 2017

Bioactive Metabolites of Okinawan Cyanobacteria

Dr. Daisuke Uemura

Obesity is a growing health problem in modern society because it is a risk factor for many lifestyle-related diseases, including diabetes and cardiovascular disorders. Thus, studies on anti-obesity are expected to contribute to the prevention and treatment of various diseases.

Published on 28 July 2017

Analytical methods of Geological Oceanography and their contribution to disciplines of Biological, Chemical and Physical Oceanography

Dr. Efthymios Tripsanas

The study of late Quaternary marine sedimentary processes is based on several geophysical techniques (multibeam bathymetry, side-scan sonar images, high to ultra-highresolution seismic-reflection data such as boomer, sparker and airgun profilers, and 3D seismic volumes) and seabed sampling techniques.

Published on 28 July 2017

The effect of coastal soil salinity on permanent vegetation line

Dr. T.Mathiventhan

Permanent vegetation line (PVL) is considered as the first line of natural vegetation where plant forms are established. Soil salinity is one of the major factors that determine the distribution of the vegetation in the coast. A study was conducted to find out the changes of the PVL with the soil-salinity changes in the Eastern coast of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.

Published on 28 July 2017

Development of Offshore Aquaculture System Technology for Macroalgae (Seaweed) Seaweed Farming

Dr. O. O. Sulaiman

Seaweed macroalage is increasingly becoming potential source of raw material for range of biotech products. The existing cultivation system for seaweed is not environmentally, socially and economically sustainable. In order for production to meet demand, it is necessary to develop sustainable technology for large scale farming in open sea.

Published on 28 July 2017

APLIM an Innovative method for Fish Early Stages identification: application in the Mediterranean Sea

Dr. Sylvia Agostini

The interest of studying fish post-larvae concerns their biology and ecology in the marine environment to better understand their functioning, but also to create management tools of this important compartment of fishes’ life cycle to halt the loss of biodiversity.

Published on 28 July 2017

Future seas – Innovative planning tools for sustainable Blue Growth

Ms. Katherine Kennedy

Our marine environment is changing;marine climate change has multiple impacts upon fisheries, contaminant fate, rising sea levels and many human activities. People are relying more and more upon the marine environment for livelihoods. The Blue Growth agenda is a potential game changer role for many nations and coastal communities.

Published on 28 July 2017

Assemblage and Contribution of Copepods in Tropical Lagoon of Setiu, East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia

Dr.Zaleha Kassim

Planktonic organisms are the major contributor to the stability of an aquatic ecosystem. They include the small phyto-and zooplankton groups as well as the nekton groups.

Published on 28 July 2017

Spatio-temporal changes in expression of hsp70 and hsp90 genes in the branching coral Acropora muricata

Spatio-temporal changes in expression of hsp70 and hsp90 genes in the branching coral Acropora muricata-Clyto Access

Rising sea surface temperature, as a result of global warming, in combination with high light intensity is a prominent cause of widespread coral bleaching. The vulnerability of corals to bleaching tends to be highly variable within geographical locations, between and even within cnidarian genera resulting in differential bleaching patterns.

Published on 28 July 2017

Potential application of magnetic field influence on the enhancement of biogranulation technology – a review

This review presents a compilation of works in microbial granulation technology including microbial immobilization and development of aerobic granules, factors affecting granulation and granule characterization.

Published on 01 August 2017

Metal Re-distribution and Bioavailability Enhancement in River Sediment after In-situ Ca(NO3)2 and CaO2 Treatments.

Contaminated river sediment has been subject to urban, industrial, agricultural and various anthropogenic discharges. High concentration of nutrients and organic chemicals are often found in the sediment.

Published on 01 August 2017

Biomimetic apply to waste recycling

The presentation will discuss climate change and its relation with closing the loop of Resources. More specifically, this presentation will address the issue of plastic and tires recycling and why closing the plastic/tires loop is difficult but feasible as you will see.

Published on 01 August 2017

Sustainable wastewater treatment: Reverse Osmosis rejected water purification through biochar engrained bio-geo filters.

In Reverse Osmosis (RO) water purification systems about 50-70% of raw water with higher concentrations of ions release from RO systems to the inland waters or directly to the ground with no beneficial use.

Published on 01 August 2017

Characterization, Fate and Transport of Nano-Pollutants in Aqueous Systems

The worldwide surge demand for a vast array of applications produced from engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) has expanded the global industrial scale production in masses for the past several decades.

Published on 01 August 2017

Use of Vermicomposting Biotechnology for Recycling Fly Ash in Agriculture.

With consistent growth in the sector of coal fired power plants in different parts of the world, large-scale generation of fly ash (FA) has now emerged as a major environmental threat at global levels.

Published on 01 August 2017

Public Acceptance of Recycle Water - IWK Initiatives towards Sustainable Water Management

Indah Water Konsortium (IWK) is the national sewerage company of Malaysia that services more than 24 million populations nationwide.

Published on 01 August 2017

Exploiting anaerobic digestion to facilitate reuse of treated water and resource recovery.

With increasing population, demand for fresh water is ever increasing. Contamination of water resources have led to a condition where currently over 15% of the world population (about 1.2 billion) lack access to safe potable water.

Published on 01 August 2017

Radiation Processing Of Waste Polymers

Management of solid waste is an important problem, which is becoming progressively worse as a by product of continuing economic growth and development.

Published on 01 August 2017

Creating An Awareness on Consumers Regarding Waste Minimization In Malaysia

Malaysia with her Vision 2020, poses a challenge to local authorities charged with managing Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), reflects the culture that it produces and affects the environment and the health of the people who by discarding waste with its complex compositions, should be more proactive with their disposal.

Published on 01 August 2017

Good practices in using public toilets public and private partnership

A Public-Private partnership (PPP) is a contract between government and a private company under which, the private company finances, builds, and operates some element of a public service and the private company gets paid over a number of years, either through charges paid by users, or by payments from the public authority, or a combination of both.

Published on 03 August 2017

Inflammatory Mediators and Expression of L Selectin in Response to Tinospora Cordifolia and Α Tocopherol in Bovine Staphylococcal Mastitis

Inflammatory Mediators and Expression of L Selectin in Response to Tinospora Cordifolia and Α Tocopherol in Bovine Staphylococcal Mastitis-Clyto Access

The present study was aimed to determine the IL 8 concentration in milk serum, Ceruloplasmin in plasma, and L selectin on peripheral leukocytes in lactating cows afflicted with pathogenic Staphylococcal mastitis in response to Tinospora cordifolia and α tocopherol plus Selenium (group II)

Published on 31 July 2017

Importance and Challenges of Instrumental Analysis in Drug Development

Demand for instrumental analysis in pharmaceutical industry is soaring in recent years [1]. Among the instrumental analytical methods used in the whole drug development process, the analysis using chromatographic analysis techniques is the most widely used one [2,3].

Published on 10 August 2017

The Canonical Correlation of Biomarkers in Relation to the Concentration of 37 Fatty Acids of Erythrocyte Membranes after Coronary Stent Implantation

The treatment of significant stenosis of coronary arteries by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation elicits an inflammatory response. This study was aimed at evaluating the relationship between the fatty acid profile of erythrocyte membranes and ...

Published on 16 August 2017

Circular Economy and Waste Management: A Comparative Study between Japan and France

Circular Economy and Waste Management: A Comparative Study between  Japan and France-Clyto Access

A circular economy (CE) is a new economic model that is based on keeping resources in use for as long as possible, extracting maximum value during use, and recovering end-of-life materials.

Published on 07 August 2017

Decreased Blood Catalase Activity in Diabetes

The damaging effect of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) is well-known in conditions like diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, chronic hepatic conditions, kidney failure, tumors, rheumatoid arthritis and neurodegenerative diseases.

Published on 28 August 2017

Consent to Care

Created as a brief literature review, this chapter focuses on “Consent to Care”, also known as informed consent, which has risen as an essential topic for patient health care and the medical process.

Published on 04 September 2017

Epidemiological, Clinical and Ethnic Aspects of Sickle-cell Anemia in Pediatric Outpatient Children at the El Idrissi Hospital (Kenitra, Morocco)

Sickle cell anemia is a codominant autosomal genotypic disease due to the presence of abnormal hemoglobin called hemoglobin S. Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is recognized as a public health priority with a significant prevalence of major forms SS.

Published on 04 September 2017

Finite Element Modeling of Ultrasonic Surface Nanocrystallization Process

Ultrasonic Surface Nanocrystallization (USN) is a new technology that uses severe plastic deformation to create a nano crystalline layer at the surface of an object. In this paper, a finite element model has been developed in order to predict the residual stress, surface roughness

Published on 14 September 2017

Differential Spectrophotometry: Application for Quantification of Flavonoids in Herbal Drugs and Nutraceuticals

The study of flavonoids is a very popular area of research on natural pharmaceutical materials. These valuable individual active principles of phenolic nature deserve a particular attention due to various pharmacological effects and are of significant importance for standardization of herbal drugs and nutraceuticals.

Published on 20 September 2017

Integration of Behavioral and Physical Health Care and a Role for Precision Psychiatry in U.S. Primary Care and Public Health Settings

Integrated primary care is a service that combines medical and behavioral health services to more fully address the spectrum of problems that patients bring to their primary medical care providers. It allows patients to feel that, for almost any problem

Published on 26 September 2017

Nanocomposites of Silicon Nanocrystals and Magnetic Nanoparticles for Biomedical Imaging

Dr. Doan Thi Kim Dung

Semiconductor Quantum Dots (QDs) are of great interest by researcher in bioimaging because they have many advantages over conventional organic fluorescent dyes. However, a cadmium component of casual QDs has negative effect on cellular activity and biological environment.

Published on 26 September 2017

Stressing the Inflammatory Network: Immuno-endocrine Responses to Allostatic Load in Fish

Fish and the other vertebrates subjected to challenges and stressors display a number of responses that involve many physiological compartments and mechanisms.

Published on 24 July 2017

The uses of mitochondrial specific protonophore, MP101, as a broad spectrum agent for neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders

Although mitochondrial dysfunction has been associated with a number of neurodegenerative disorders, currently, there are no “disease modifying”mitochondrial drug treatments.

Published on 17 October 2017

Improving clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetes patients on sulfonylurea drugs

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients are prescribed with a number of oral and injectable medications, each of which has significant side effects. Whilst side effects such as hypoglycemia, weight gain and gastro-intestinal tolerability are associated with older anti-diabetes agents.

Published on 17 October 2017

Metabolic Syndrome (MS): Perils of pregnancy and precursor of childhood

Pregnancy associated with maternal MS is a challenge to manage. Metabolic Syndrome comprises of visceral and/or truncal obesity, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD) and Insulin resistance (IR).

Published on 17 October 2017

Changing the conversation in diabetes: from discouraged to engaged

It is commonly believed that patients with poor management are unmotivated, lack adequate willpower, aren’t scared enough, and are perhaps incapable of making necessary change.

Published on 17 October 2017

Thinking outside the box: A unique advanced nurse practitioner led approach to combined type 2 Diabetes and chronic kidney disease care management.

Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) leads to the development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Traditional care delivery strategies which provide care for these associated conditions separately are failing to achieve clinical recommendations

Published on 17 October 2017

Reversing the effects of type 2 diabetes through individualized holistic lifestyle changes versus conventional treatment process

Despite the amount of Americans prescribed diabetes medication and insulin, type 2 diabetes diagnoses increase annually at an alarming rate. Conventional treatment focuses on medication, dieting and managing this chronic disease.

Published on 17 October 2017

Role of ademolus Classification of Hypoglycemia (ACH) in blood glucose and Diabetes Mellitus management

Diabetes mellitus is syndromes that antedate the existence of Hippocrates and has transcend successive generation of mankind till the present age with the potential to be perpetual in human race.

Published on 17 October 2017

Nailfold capillaroscopy in Diabetes Mellitus

Dr. Genessis Maldonado

Diabetes is characterized by a chronic hyperglycemic state and the development of alterations in the vascular structure. It’s currently considered a chronic disease with a high mortality rate due to its longterm cardiovascular and renal complications.

Published on 17 October 2017

Restoration of metabolic rhythms attenuates diabetes and obesity-induced cardiometabolic disorders

The diabetes and obesity epidemic is associated with a number of metabolic diseases, including elevated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), insulin resistance in cardiac and skeletal muscle and diabetes.

Published on 17 October 2017

Modulation of Angiogenesis and Secretory Control in Diabetic Wound Healing through Fibrin-in-fibrin System

Wound healing in diabetes is compromised and poses a major clinical problem. Despite rigorous treatment regimes, there has been modest success in reducing the rate of amputations in these patients.

Published on 17 October 2017

Healing of a diabetic foot ulcer without drugs –a case study

Many a time treatment of a diabetic foot ulcer are influenced by co-morbidities restricting the outcome and the application of multilevel therapies leading to poor results.

Published on 17 October 2017

Smart supplements and blood glucose in bariatric patients: A retrospective analysis

Despite 73% of patients in the Vitagene group having fasting glucose above healthy levels preoperatively, over the 8 month postoperative period every patient in the Vitagene group was able to reach a healthy fasting glucose level below 90 mg/dL.

Published on 17 October 2017

Challenges in diabetes and clinical trials: An xpedited solution

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases throughout the world, and it’s incidence and prevalence is significantly growing.

Published on 17 October 2017

Creating a European research infrastructure to decode the human brain

Decoding the human brain is perhaps the most fascinating scientific challenge in the 21st century. The Human Brain Project (HBP), a 10-year European Flagship, targets the reconstruction of the brain’s multiscale organization.

Published on 17 October 2017

Understanding the brain through artificial intelligence

The functional activation pattern within the human brain is known to have a time-varying nature. This dynamic nature of the brain connectome is known to be associated with human learning, behavior, development, and brain disorders, and are therefore is of high importance.

Published on 17 October 2017

Discovery and development of gamma-secretase modulators for treatment and prevention of Alzheimer’s diseasea

Inhibitors of γ-secretase have been developed for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) with the aim of decreasing brain levels of all Aβ peptide species (Aβ42, Aβ40, Aβ39, Aβ38 and Aβ37).

Published on 17 October 2017

Muscle and brain connections with exercise rehabilitation in chronic stroke.

Evidence supports that aging and chronic disability can lead to changes in body composition, fitness and strength, and increase the risk for metabolic disease.

Published on 17 October 2017

Neurologic music therapy to facilitate recovery from complications of neurologic diseases

Neurologic music therapy (NMT) has fostered recovery from complications in patients suffering from a wide variety of neurologic diseases.

Published on 17 October 2017

The association between sense of taste and dementia: cross-sectional British Whitehall II study

In 2012, The World Health Organization (WHO) had revealed that dementia as a public health priority. There is no cure for dementia thus prevention becomes really crucial.

Published on 17 October 2017

Parkinson & Other Movement Disorders Center UC San Diego USA

Our better understanding of the risks factors for Parkinson disease, where does the disease start and how it progresses has significantly changed over the past few years.

Published on 17 October 2017

Plasma butyrylcholinesterase activity: a possible biomarker for differential diagnosis between Alzheimer’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies?.

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects cognition, behavior and motor function.DLB has extensive deficit in cholinergic neurotransmission, and the cholinergic activity in these patients is more severely impaired than in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

Published on 17 October 2017

Intracerebroventricular injection of Streptozotocin promotes increase in body temperature: implications for Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that promotes the decline of cognitive abilities and noncognitive symptoms that include alteration of body temperature (Tb).

Published on 17 October 2017

Anterograde monosynaptic transneuronal tracers derived from Herpes Simplex Virus 1 strain H129.

Neurotropic viruses may infect neural system, causes damages, and lead various diseases, but their capacity of infecting and transmitting among neurons can be utilized for in neuroscience research. Multiple neurotropic viruses have been modified and broadly applied as viral tools to trace neuronal circuit. Rabies virus (RV) and pseudorabies virus (PRV) represent retrograde mono- and multisynaptic tracers, but anterograde tracer with high transsynaptic labeling efficiency or monosynaptic transmitting capacity remains lacking.

Published on 17 October 2017

Waste Prevention As An Investment Opportunity

This paper focuses on waste prevention by putting it in to context with profitability considerations that play a key role in investment decisions for or against certain waste management options.

Published on 23 October 2017

Editorial Statement of Intent

Journal Big Data and Computational Science (JBDCS) is a recently established open access peer reviewed multi-disciplinary journal for cognate disciplines in the Sciences and Social Sciences that will be inaugurated in 2018.

Published on 18 October 2017

Ethics of Personalized Medicine Revisited

Since the original article “The Ethics of Personalized Medicine” was published in 2014, more ethical issues have come to the forefront and are being discussed in various forums.

Published on 29 September 2017

Association of HPV Cervical Dysplasia Progression with DNA Methylation of Genes, Connected to Cellular Stress and Oncogenesis

Cervical cancer is tightly connected to HPV infection, but it is not yet elucidated why some of infected cases progress to cancer, but others not. Our aim was to study the role of DNA methylation in this process.

Published on 30 September 2017

Research Ideas for the Journal of Big Data and Computational Science

Dr. Chia-Lin Chang Dr. Michael McAleer Dr. Wing-Keung WONG

Journal Big Data and Computational Science (JBDCS) is a recently established open access peer reviewed multi-disciplinary journal for cognate disciplines in the Sciences and Social Sciences that will be inaugurated in 2018.

Published on 18 October 2017

Underwater Photogrammetry and 3D Reconstruction of Submerged Objects in Shallow Environments by ROV and Underwater GPS

Underwater 3D reconstruction techniques such as underwater photogrammetry are the latest trend in low cost survey techniques.

Published on 25 September 2017

Biodiversity Conservation and Agriculture Intensification through Participation Breeding for Increasing Livelihood Security

Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh represents Hill and Mountain Agro-ecosystem with temperate climate. Sustainable type of farming system is in vogue in the district, where the farmers are engaged in both crop and livestock farming.

Published on 08 November 2017

Crop Residue Burning: Global Trends and Management Practices

Open field burning of crop residues is commonly practiced across the globe and has become an important issue due to its emission of toxic pollutants.

Published on 08 November 2017

Innovative Technologies: A Ray of Hope for Sustainable Agriculture & Food Security

On the name of higher yield, indiscriminate use of agro-chemicals and water over 5-6 decades, have adversely affected three ultimate source of energy i.e. soil, water and air beyond repair.

Published on 08 November 2017

Rise of the 4th Category (Biostimulants/ Plant Growth Regulators) A Farmer’s Need or

World is on the verge of facing crisis situation not only related to food scarcity but related to quality and safety of food.

Published on 08 November 2017

Agriculture and Technology, an Unlikely Handshake ?

Nikhil Toshniwal

No matter how advanced the technology but if it fails to reach out to the targeted Farmers.

Published on 08 November 2017

Building Value Chain of Trust - Farm to Table

Indian economy since 1970s has been built on indirectly subsidizing food markets for benefiting the urban customers, by creating artificial mechanisms of price control and complex web of subsidies.

Published on 08 November 2017

Chasing the Dream- the Path from Research to Human Benefit

Genomics has emerged as the single most powerful discipline for detailed analysis of organization expression, and interaction of an organism at the genome level.

Published on 08 November 2017

Effect of Environmental Conditions on Sorghum Fodder Yield and Its Related Traits

Indian economy is primarily agricultural based, where animal health is very important.

Published on 08 November 2017

Inheritance of Root Epidermal, Phloem and Xylem in White Pale × PM Cross in Tropical Carrot (Daucus carota L.)

Carrot (Daucus carota L.) is the most important biennial winter root vegetable crop cultivated throughout the world.

Published on 08 November 2017

Nanotechnology-A Boon to Agriculture

Agriculture has been portraying the role of saviour for millions of farmers across the world.

Published on 08 November 2017

Evaluation of different Nutrient management technology in Growth and Yield of Rice in Eastern Terai, Nepal

The dynamic and robust nutrient management can meet the demand of food for next 20-30 years and secure food security by increasing yield and optimize the profit.

Published on 08 November 2017

Organic Farming and Sustainability in Agriculture

When it comes to organic farming and sustainability in agriculture, there are different opinions of the people.

Published on 08 November 2017

Biotechnological Interventions in Food Processing: Achievements and Challenges

Food processing makes use of various unit operations and technologies to convert relatively bulky, perishable and typically inedible raw materials into more useful shelf-stable and palatable foods or potable beverages.

Published on 08 November 2017

Assessment of Inheritance Pattern in Bitter Gourd for Yield and Quality Traits

Selection based only on phenotype is not always effective as the trait is likely to segregate in the advanced generations.

Published on 08 November 2017

GIS for Vegetables Crop Production

Ashutosh Kumar

Vegetable farming is popular in peri-urban as it has reasonable economic returns than growing other cereal crops.

Published on 08 November 2017

Concurrent Overexpression of OsGS1;1 and OsGS2 Genes in Transgenic Rice (Oryza sativa L.): Impact on Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses and Phosphinothricin

Glutamine synthetase (GS) is a key enzyme involved in the nitrogen metabolism of higher plants.

Published on 08 November 2017

Climate Change and Indian Agriculture

Climate change is solemn environmental concern which adversely affecting agricultural production and productivity.

Published on 08 November 2017

Effect of Indoleacetic Acid, Salicylic Acid on Photosynthetic Pigments and Growth Parameters of Okra Plant under Salinity Stress

Salinity stress is a global phenomenon that affects agricultural yield throughout the world whether it is for subsistence or economic gain.

Published on 08 November 2017

Microsatellite Based Analysis of Apple (malus × domestica borkh.) Germplasm of Kashmir: Towards Unraveling the Apple Sports

Kashmir Valley, a North Western State represents the richest repository of apple germplasm in India.

Published on 08 November 2017

Barriers to Access Healthy Food

As the country inches its way out of the great recession and seeks to grow a more sustainable and equitable economy, ensuring that healthy food is accessible to all is crucial.

Published on 08 November 2017

Role of MicroRNA Inabiotic Stress Tolerance in Field Crops

Major threats to plant productivity are abiotic stresses like drought, soil toxicity, climate change etc.

Published on 08 November 2017

Soil Carbon Sequestration: An Innovative Way to Mitigate Global Warming

Climate change is the global environmental concern since past decades.

Published on 08 November 2017

Plant Pathology: Regional diversity of Sclerotium rolfsiiisolates in Bihar, India and the determination of pathogenicity in cucumber

Cultivation of cucumbers is largely affected by several biotic factors. Among diseases, collar root causes significant damage to them and ultimately responsible for yield loss.

Published on 08 November 2017

Incidence of Hopper Burn Due to White-Backed Planthopper (Sogatella Furcifera Horvath) in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, India

WBPH Hopper burn was first time recorded in the Jammu district of J&K form village Bhour pind in the Kharif season of 2016 in paddy hybrid variety Poonam.

Published on 08 November 2017

Physicochemical, Thermal and Functional Characterization of Protein Isolates from Grain Activated Chickpea (cicer arietinum l.) Seed

Activation of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seeds by germination method is enrichment technique in protein fortification and new product formulation such as cereal products, healthy drinks and nutraceuticals.

Published on 08 November 2017

Isolation and Characterization of Rhizobium Meliloti Isolated from Rhizosphere Soil and Roots of Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum Graecum Linn) from Different Locations

The nine isolates of Rhizobium meliloti were isolated on CR-YEMA medium from root nodules and rhizosphere soil of fenugreek.

Published on 08 November 2017

Conventional Propagation Method for Tomato to Overcome Biotic and Abiotic Stress

Grafting has emerged as a promising and an alternative tool to the relatively slow conventional breeding methods aimed at increasing tolerance to abiotic stresses and soil pathogens in fruit vegetables.

Published on 08 November 2017

Impact of Drying Air Temperature and Flow Rate on Characteristics of Vegetable Seeds Dried in Solar Regenerated Desiccant Seed Dryer

In the present study tomato and carrot seeds were dried in solar regenerated desiccant seed dryer. In this dryer, seeds can be dried in deep bed at a safe temperature for good shelf-life, germination and vigour index.

Published on 08 November 2017

Utilization of Juglans Regia l. (fruit hull) and Salix Alba l. (wood ash) for Textile Applications

The importance of colour in textiles has been recognized before thousands of years. Natural dyes, dyestuffs and dyeing are as old as textiles themselves.

Published on 08 November 2017

Factors Determining the Exploitation of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for Livelihood Security in Gurez Valley of Kashmir

The exploitation of NTFPs for livelihood security in rural communities is a function of multitude of household socioeconomic and biophysical factors.

Published on 08 November 2017

Study of cultural, morphological characteristics and effect of various culture media on growth and sporulation of Alternaria spp, infecting carrot crop

A. dauci causes leaf blight disease in carrot. The pathogen exhibited profuse growth (90.00mm) on PDA plate.

Published on 08 November 2017

GREEN ROOF: A Requisite for Developed India

The goal of the presentation is a testament to the general public, professionals and government institutions of the benefits that green roofs have on quality of life in an urban environment in context of India.

Published on 08 November 2017

Microclimatic Modificationsforagriculture”Scope and Prospects

The success or failure in sustainability of crop production depends on local weather and climatic conditions, and year-toyear variations within a region.

Published on 08 November 2017

Carbon dioxide Sequestration in Agriculture

This presentation shows how regenerative agricultural practices can play a major role in turning back the Carbon clock, reducing atmospheric CO2 concentration while boosting soil productivity.

Published on 08 November 2017

Harnessing the Potential of Efficient Isolates of Fungi as Biocontrol Agents against Apple Root Rot-An Emerging Threat to Apple Industry in Kashmir Valley

Two hundred and twenty two VAM isolates were isolated from the rhizosphere of apple, pear and cherry crops from the four districts of Kashmir valley viz., Srinagar, Ganderbal, Baramulla and Shopian.

Published on 08 November 2017

Prospects of Genetically Modified Crops for Insect, Pests and Disease Resistance

Agricultural productivity is highly influenced by pest and disease, the most harmful factor concerning the growth and productivity of the crops world-wide.

Published on 08 November 2017

Crop Residues and It’s Management

This presentation shows the statistics of crop residue production in India and how it is wasted in large quantities. It describes the problems and causes of improper management of crop residues.

Published on 08 November 2017

Studies on Post Harvest Quality of Rainy Season Guava (psidiumguajaval) under Various Pre-harvest Treatments

The study was started from June 2015 to assess the effect of pre harvest treatments on post harvest quality of rainy season guava cv. ‘L-49’ at the Main Experiment Station and Post Harvest Technology Laboratory of Horticulture, Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad (U.P.).

Published on 08 November 2017

Identification of Genomic Loci Contributing to Various Yield Traits in Common Bean

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is considered to be the world’s most important grain legume, used directly for human consumption in all parts of the world.

Published on 08 November 2017

GWAS for Identification of QTLs Contributing for Accumulation of Micronutrient in Common Bean

Iron (Fe) and Zinc (Zn) deficiencies are of major concern in human health and plant metabolism. More than 50% of populations mainly from developing countries are suffering from one another micronutrient malnutrition.

Published on 08 November 2017

Functional and Nutritional Characteristics of Composite Flour Prepared From Oat Flour, Malted Ragi Flour, Dehulled Soy Flour

Composite flour blends were prepared using oat flour, malted ragi flour and soy flour in durum wheat flour at different levels i.e.; 5, 10, 15 and 20% level of incorporation.

Published on 08 November 2017

Genotype X Environment Interaction of Some Tomato Hybrids under Kashmir Conditions

To evaluate seventeen hybrids of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) field experiments were carried out for their stability at three locations in Kashmir valley during kharif 2011 and 2012 i.e. six environments.

Published on 08 November 2017

Selection of Efficient Salt Tolerant Bacteria and Isolation of Ectb Gene from Marine Source

Salinity, everlasting threat to crop growth and production worldwide. Soil salinity is becoming a more acute problem, primarily because of declining irrigation water quality.

Published on 08 November 2017

A Revisit: Method for Determining Cation Exchange Capacity of Natural Zeolite

Clinoptilolite is one of the most abundant natural zeolites and it remained as residual mineral phases during weathering of volcanic parent materials (Ming and Dixon, 1986).

Published on 08 November 2017

Drug Discovery and Development from Horticulture Crops

Horticultural crops like fruits, vegetables, spices and some of the ornamentals are richest sources of carbohydrate, fiber, vitamins, protein and bioflavonoid and largely regarded as a protective and nutritional food.

Published on 08 November 2017

Plant Resistance to Phytophagous Insects with Special Reference to Grain Legumes in Punjab

Among the different grain legumes cultivated, chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean and urdbean are the major sources of dietary proteins in many parts of the globe.

Published on 08 November 2017

Food and Nutrition Security: Root and Tuber Crops may play major role under stressful environment!

Food security is necessary for every individual, home, community and nation. The growing population, increasing rate of persistent hunger and accelerating climate change are the major concern of world food systems and is the big challenge for meeting the food needs worldwide.

Published on 08 November 2017

Studies on Seed Borne Mycoflora Diseases of Brinjal

Brinjal (SolanumMelongena) is one of the most important vegetable crop grown all over india , and is affected by many seed borne mycoflora disease.

Published on 08 November 2017

Nitrogen-deficiency Stress Reveals Differentially Expressed Proteins in Low-N Tolerant and Low-N Sensitive Maize Genotypes

Nitrogen (N) is a critical element for plant growth and its application has proven to be a valuable agricultural practice. However, unavoidable economic and environmental problems associated with excessive use of N-fertilizers demands its better management.

Published on 08 November 2017

Apiculture for Agricultural Diversification in India

In simpler terms, apiculture is both science and art of keeping the bees for the benefit of mankind, though in context to Indian beekeeping, the scope of apiculture has been broadened by a more recent comprehensive definition, ‘Beekeeping covers entire scope of management of honey bee resources, beekeeping practices, bee products, pollination services, and their interface with socio-economic, cultural, natural heritage and environmental integrity’.

Published on 08 November 2017

Agronomic Bio-fortification for Improvement in Productivity and Quality by Mineral Densing in Grains of Bread Wheat

The present study was completed at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana during the winter (Rabi) season of 2011-12 and 2012-13 under timely sown, irrigated conditions on loamy sand soil testing near normal pH, low Electrical Conductivity (EC), low in available Nitrogen (N), medium in available phosphorus (P) and potassium(K), low in available Iron (Fe) and medium in available Zinc (Zn).

Published on 08 November 2017

Tillage and Crop Residue Management for Improved Soil Physical Environment and Crop Water Productivity

Substantial increase in the agricultural water productivity is essential to meet future goals of food and environmental security.

Published on 08 November 2017

OMICS Insights into Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under Mineral Stress

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a valuable legume food crop nutritionally as well as medicinally.

Published on 08 November 2017

Inheritance of Root Epidermal, Xylem and Pholem Colour in IPC-126 × PM Cross of Tropical Carrot (Daucus carota L.)

Carrot (Daucus carota L.) is the most important dietary sources of bioactive compounds, antioxidants and phytochemicals which are essential part of human health.

Published on 08 November 2017

Floating Island: Ensuring Sustainability of Agriculture Wetland Ecosystem

Wetland ecosystems are among the world’s most productive environments; cradles of biological diversity that provide the water and productivity upon which countless species of plants and animals depend on survival.

Published on 08 November 2017

Genotoxicity and Anticancer Drug Discovery of Phenolic Leads from Indian Traditional Plants: A Laboraotrory Based High Throughput Screening Targeting Human Isomerism Topo I & II

The American Cancer Society’s estimate for that the cervical cancer in the United States for 2016 is about 12,990 new cases.

Published on 08 November 2017

Focus on Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC) comprises about 5-10% of all thyroid tumors [1]. It generates from parafollicular cells or C cells, characterized by the ability to produce calcitonine (CT), a hormone regulating calcium and phosphorus metabolism.

Published on 10 November 2017

Higher Glycemic Exposure at the Time of Diagnosis of Diabetes after Kidney Transplant may be Associated with Reduced Patient Survival

Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a serious metabolic complication of kidney transplantation that is associated with higher rates of graft failure, cardiovascular disease, and death.

Published on 15 November 2017

Fulminant New Onset Autoimmune Diabetes Mellitus with Ipilimumab/Nivolumab Followed by Interferon/Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab Combined Therapies

Management of immune related adverse events associated with immune checkpoint inhibitors therapy is a dynamic field in medicine that has been growing parallel with growing success and use of these medications [1,2].

Published on 15 November 2017

Newly Diagnosed Diabetes in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

Diabetes mellitus is increasing on a global level with an estimated prevalence of around 12-14%, with the increasing trend over the years to come, especially in the Middle East, India and China [1].

Published on 20 November 2017

Radiological Hazards Assessment of Radium in Beach Sand from selected Public Beaches in Egypt

Radiological hazards assessment in some public beaches along the Mediterranean coast in Egypt has been carried out to ensure that the radiation dose from the combined radium isotopes (226Ra and 228Ra) in beach sand received to the public are insignificant, as well as updating the radiological data base map in these regions.

Published on 27 November 2017

Application of van Deemter Diagrams and Golay Equation in Optimization of a GC-MS Method to Pesticides Analysis

This paper presents an optimization study of the GC-MS chromatographic method for the determination of pesticides in pineapple fruits by applying the van Deemter diagram and Golay equations in the investigation of the optimal flow of the mobile phase, aiming to improve performance of the method.

Published on 10 November 2017

Markov Prediction Model for the Main Complications of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

It is estimated that currently 415 million people live with diabetes mellitus in the world and and there is the trendof this number to increase.

Published on 29 November 2017

Management of Amiodarone Induced Thyrotoxicosis - Not An Easy Task

Amiodarone Induced Thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is a condition of thyroid hyper function due to amiodarone’s pharmacological and toxic actions.

Published on 04 December 2017

Menthol Attenuates Hyperglycemia Induced Renal Oxidative Stress Damage via Amending Renal Biomarkers in Streptozotocin-Nicotinamide Induced Experimental Rats

Diabetes mellitus is characterised by hyperglycemia associated with the enhance of oxidative stress. Nephropathy is one of the most frequent complication in diabetes.

Published on 30 December 2017

A Potential Application of Antioxidants in Managing Cancer Progression

During the lifetime, people are often exposed to hazard environments, which results in accumulations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS-induced molecular damage in the body, and leads age-associated disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, etc.

Published on 15 October 2017