Conference Proceeding

Relationship between oncology nurses'39; spiritual wellbeing, religiosity and their attitudes towards spiritual care providing based on Neumann’s Systems Model

Mr. Khorami Markani A,
Urmieh Medical Sciences University

Attention to spiritual care causes improvement in the cancer patients’ physical, psychological and social dimensions.

Dr. Khorrami Markani Carried his Ph.D Nursing from Shahid Beheshti Medical Sciences University. Later he started working as an Assistant professor in nursing group. Presently he is working as a Head of Nursing and Health College, Urmieh Medical Sciences University, Iran.

Introduction: Attention to spiritual care causes improvement in the cancer patients’ physical, psychological and social dimensions. The more increase oncology nurses’ awareness of spirituality and spiritual care, the more increase their attitudes and capabilities toward providing spiritual care. The aim of this study was assessment relationship between oncology nurses' spiritual wellbeing, religiosity and their attitudes toward spiritual care providing based on Neumann’s Systems Model.
Methodology: In the first part of the present study, research model was conceptualized by using the Neumann’s Systems Model. In the third part of study, the research model was tested in a descriptive study by 130 oncology nurses selected as census sampling. After taking a informed consent from subjects, they completed 5 questionnaires included nurses personal profile form, “Spiritual Care Perspective Scale”, “Spiritual Wellbeing Scale”, as well as “Oncology Nurses’ Spiritual Wellbeing Scale”, and “Oncology Nurses’ Attitudes Toward Spiritual Care Providing Scale”. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 16.
Results: According to results the “Oncology Nurses’ Attitudes toward Spiritual Care Providing Scale” had 68 items and 3 dimensions included “oncology nurses’ knowledge, emotion and performance. Model testing indicated that from 5 predictive variables (age, years of working as a nurse, years of working as an oncology nurse, religiosity, and spiritual wellbeing), age, religiosity and spiritual wellbeing had positive direct and significant relationship with oncology nurses attitudes toward spiritual care providing. From antecedent factors, only years of working of nurse had negative and indirect relationship with oncology nurses religiosity and none of them had significant relationship with nurses’ spiritual wellbeing. In addition, from antecedent factors only age had a direct positive and significant relation with oncology nurses’ attitudes toward spiritual care providing. Moreover, religiosity had a direct and positive significant relationship with nurses’ spiritual wellbeing as well as nurses’ spiritual wellbeing with oncology nurses’ attitudes toward spiritual care providing.
Conclusion: Regarding to results, research model could explain the empirical relations of some nurses’ antecedent factors, spiritual wellbeing and religiosity with their attitudes toward spiritual care providing. Oncology nurses’ spiritual wellbeing was the largest predictive variable for oncology nurses’ attitudes toward spiritual care providing. Religiosity had correlation with oncology nurses’ attitudes toward spiritual care providing either directly or indirectly by nurses’ spiritual wellbeing as a mediating. We suggest the researchers to explore the other related factors to oncology nurses’ attitude toward spiritual care providing and to apply the study’s empirical model to validate it in other nursing groups.

Published: 11 May 2017