Editorial Article

'PHARMACOGNOSY': An Essential Element of Health Care Services

Ashutosh Pathak
Department of Botany, SSKGDC, University of Allahabad, U.P., India
*Corresponding author:

Ashutosh Pathak, Department of Botany, SSKGDC, University of Allahabad, U.P., India, Email: ashupathaks@rediffmail.com

Pharmacognosy deals with the knowledge of natural resources used in the treatment of various diseases and also as dietary supplements. [1] Pharmacognosy is an integrated branch of various subjects viz., Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Chemistry and Pharmacology; where Botany, Zoology and Microbiology deal with the origin of natural resources and their identifications; Chemistry deals with the active molecule or constituent metabolite identification of extracts; and Pharmacology deals with the application of competent molecules or extracts in healthcare.

Although the term 'Pharmacognosy' was first coined by Schimdt (Austrian physician) in 1811 but the use of natural resources in mankind dates way back to ancient literatures, viz., Ayurveda (Indian), Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM), Kampo (Japanese), Unani (Greek), Traditional Korean Medicines (TKM). (1-3) Aforementioned literatures are the enumerations of herbal plants and their uses and sometimes regarded as traditional medicines. Traditional, indigenous, herbal and ethno-medicines are the terms used in different contexts but are pioneer and key terms used in the pharmacognosy which have laid down the foundation of clinical, complementary and alternate medicines. Pharmacognosy has advanced from traditional pharmacognosy to reverse and clinical pharmacognosy with time. Reverse pharmacognosy uses the generated data from the past and study them via in-silico techniques to find the probable target based drugs and their biological sources other than traditional ones.(4) Clinical pharmacognosy on the other hand deals with the clinical trials of herbals against Communicable Diseases (CD) and Non-communicable Diseases (NCD) and dietary supplements.(5) Pharmacognosy plays a critical role in the health care sector since ancient era and would definitely become a handy tool in fulfilling the goals of WHO Traditional Medicine (TM) Strategy 2014–2023.

Journal of Precision Medicine and Public Health, a peer-reviewed, open access journal, invites researchers from all around the globe to publish their experimental findings and theoretical results to improve the public health.

1. Sarker, S.D. (2012). Pharmacognosy in modern pharmacy curricula. Pharmacognosy Magazine, 8(30), 91-92. doi: 10.4103/0973-1296.96545
2. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans (2002). Some Traditional Herbal Medicines, Some Mycotoxins, Naphthalene and Styrene. IARC Press, Lyon, France, 82, 41-43.
3. Yuan, H., Ma, Q., Ye, L. and Piao, G. (2016). The Traditional Medicine and Modern Medicine from Natural Products. Molecules, 21,559. doi:10.3390/molecules21050559
4. Blondeau, S., Do, Q.T., Scior, T., Bernard, P. and Morin-Allory, L. (2010). Reverse pharmacognosy: another way to harness the generosity of nature. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 16(15),1682-96.
5. Kazemi, M., Eshraghi, A., Yegdaneh, A. and Ghannadi, A. (2012). "Clinical pharmacognosy”- A new interesting era of pharmacy in the third millennium. DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20,18. doi:10.1186/2008-2231-20-18

Published: 08 April 2017

Copyright:

© 2017 Pathak. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.