Conference Proceeding

Good practices in using public toilets public and private partnership

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A Public-Private partnership (PPP) is a contract between government and a private company under which, the private company finances, builds, and operates some element of a public service and the private company gets paid over a number of years, either through charges paid by users, or by payments from the public authority, or a combination of both. PPP in the field of good practices in public toilets is becoming very popular at the beginning of this century. It is in some countries that there is still an issue on how to provide quality good practices and services in public toilets with little or no public money. Intention of this paper is to show how the Government can enter into PPPs. Exploring PPPs as a way of introducing private sector technology and innovation in providing better public services through improved operational efficiency is by, firstly, incentivizing the private sectors to deliver projects on time and within budget, secondly, byimposing budgetary certainty by setting present and the future costs of infrastructre projects over time, and thirdly, by utilizing PPPs as a way of developing local private sector capabilities through joint ventures with large international firms, as well as sub-contracting opportunities for local firms in areas such as civil works, electrical works, facilities management, security services, cleaning services, maintenance services.The most crucial PPP success factors, such as political backing, public acceptance, devolution of authority, stakeholder involvement are being presented and discussed in most developing countries like Malaysia.

Published: 03 August 2017