Conference Proceeding

Factors Determining the Exploitation of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for Livelihood Security in Gurez Valley of Kashmir

Mr. Ummar Atta

The exploitation of NTFPs for livelihood security in rural communities is a function of multitude of household socioeconomic and biophysical factors. This study investigated the factors determining the exploitation of NTFPs for livelihood security in Gurez valley of Kashmir. Multi-stage random sampling technique was employed to select the villages (10) and the households (103). Primary data were collected by personal interviews using well-structured pre-tested interview schedule and quasi-participant observations. Descriptive and analytical statistics were utilized to analyze the data. The correlation results indicated that out of the eleven factors nine attributes viz., education, size of family, size of land holding, herd size, main occupation, family labour, gross annual income, proximity to forest and frequency of forest visit were positively and significantly correlated with the NTFPs based livelihood. Further, the regression analysis indicated that out of the eleven explanatory variables six variables viz., herd size, main occupation, gross annual income, proximity to forests, frequency of forest visits and forest resource possession were statistically significant in influencing the NTFPs-based livelihood. The coefficient of determination (R 2) of 0.920 implies that all the factors jointly explained 92.00% of variation on the NTFPs-based livelihood. The magnitude of F value (95.06) indicated that the R 2 is statistically significant (p < 0.05) and the herd size, main occupation, gross annual income, proximity to forests, frequency of forest visits and forest resource possession were the potential predictors in explaining the variation in the NTFPs based livelihood. The factors having significant impact on NTFPs based livelihood should be given due consideration during planning, implementation and execution of specific strategies for improvement and strengthening of NTFPs based livelihood.

Published: 08 November 2017

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Copyright: © 2017 Mr. Ummar Atta. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.