Conference Proceeding

Biotechnological Interventions in Food Processing: Achievements and Challenges

Mr. Anjum Ayoub

Food processing makes use of various unit operations and technologies to convert relatively bulky, perishable and typically inedible raw materials into more useful shelf-stable and palatable foods or potable beverages. Processing contributes to food security by minimizing waste and losses in the food chain and by increasing food availability and marketability. Food is also processed in order to improve its quality and safety. Biotechnology as applied to food processing in most developing countries makes use of microbial inoculants to enhance properties such as the taste, aroma, shelf-life, texture and nutritional value of foods. Biotechnology in the food processing sector makes use of micro-organisms for the preservation of food. Biotechnological processes applicable to the improvement of microbial cultures for use in food processing applications include traditional methods of genetic improvement (“traditional biotechnology”) such as classical mutagenesis and conjugation. Recombinant gene technology, the best-known modern biotechnology, is widely employed in research and development for strain improvement. Biotechnology is also widely employed as a tool in diagnostics in order to monitor food safety, prevent and diagnose food-borne illnesses and verify the origins of foods. The fermentation bioprocess is the major biotechnological application in food processing. It has reached to new heights but still is the feats to be achieved.

Published: 08 November 2017

Copyright:

Copyright: © 2017 Mr. Anjum Ayoub. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.